Nursing PICOT Study

Unveiling the Nursing PICOT Study: A Journey Towards Evidence-Based Practice

PICOT is a format used to formulate research questions in Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) in nursing. It stands for:

  • P: Population/Patient Problem: Who is your patient?
  • I: Intervention: What is the intervention or exposure being considered?
  • C: Comparison: What is the alternative to the intervention or exposure?
  • O: Outcome: What is the desired outcome?
  • T: Time: What is the time frame for the outcome?

The quest for knowledge in the field of nursing is comparable to setting off on an exciting trip. Nurses use evidence-based practice (EBP) like an expert mapper to explore unexplored territory and find vital healthcare-related information. The nursing PICOT study is an essential resource in this endeavour. Similar to how a compass directs an explorer, the PICOT framework directs scientists in the direction of a distinct and narrow path, revealing the way to game-changing discoveries.

Clinicians frequently find themselves enthralled by the astonishing results they see in their practice, like inquisitive travellers poised at the edge of undiscovered territory. These amazing treatment success stories inspire people to learn more and start a research path that will give voice to their personal experiences. It is impossible to resist the pull of the possibility of opening up new vistas of knowledge, both for their own profession and the larger healthcare system. But as these practitioners make their first hesitant steps toward the research community, they could run into a confusing obstacle: the query, “What is your research question?” voiced by seasoned researchers and ringing through the halls of academia. This encounter might end up being a brief one without a compass to help traverse this strange area.

The PICOT question format is a consistent “formula” for developing answerable, researchable questions. The PICOT process starts with a particular case, and the question is couched to develop an intervention or therapy. A clinical question that is composed using the PICO or PICOT format will help you to focus your search and help you to develop your research skills which are essential in finding the best available evidence. Incorporating best evidence into nursing requires a systematic approach.

The PICOT format is a helpful approach for summarizing research questions that explore the effect of therapy:

  • (P) – Population refers to the sample of subjects you wish to recruit for your study. There may be a fine balance between defining a sample that is most likely to respond to your intervention (e.g. no co-morbidity) and one that can be generalized to patients that are likely to be seen in actual practice.
  • (I) – Intervention refers to the treatment that will be provided to subjects enrolled in your study.
  • (C) – Comparison identifies what you plan on using as a reference group to compare with your treatment intervention. Many study designs refer to this as the control group. If an existing treatment is considered the ‘gold standard’, then this should be the comparison group.
  • (O) – Outcome represents what result you plan on measuring to examine the effectiveness of your intervention. Familiar and validated outcome measurement tools relevant to common chiropractic patient populations may include the Neck Disability Index or Roland-Morris Questionnaire. There are, typically, a multitude of outcome tools available for different clinical populations, each having strengths and weaknesses.
  • (T) – Time describes the duration for your data collection.

Here is a brief historical evolution of the PICOT framework

The PICOT framework was first introduced in 2005 by Dr. Gordon Guyatt and his colleagues at McMaster University in Canada

The framework was developed as a way to help clinicians formulate well-built clinical questions for evidence-based inquiry

The PICOT framework has since become a standard format for developing research questions in nursing and other healthcare fields

The framework has evolved over time to include the addition of the “T” component, which stands for Time, to help specify the timeframe for the outcome being studied

The PICOT framework has been shown to be effective in helping nurses to develop focused, well-built, and searchable clinical questions, leading to better patient outcomes and higher quality care.

Developing a strong clinical question for evidence-based inquiry is necessary for developing nurse PICOT research. Using the PICO (T) structure, the initial stage in EBP is rephrasing a clinical patient care concern into a targeted, searchable, and responsive query. In evidence-based medicine, the PICO (T) approach is frequently used to create a targeted, well-structured, and searchable clinical question.

How To Formulate a PICO T Study.

  1. Identify the Population (P): The first step is to clearly define the specific population or group of interest for your study. This could include factors such as age, gender, medical condition, or any other defining characteristics that help narrow down the focus of your research.
  2. Determine the Intervention (I): Next, you need to identify the intervention or treatment that you want to investigate. This could be a specific therapy, medication, procedure, or any other intervention that you believe has the potential to impact the health outcomes of the identified population.
  3. Establish the Comparison (C): To evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention, you need to establish a comparison group or alternative intervention. This could be a placebo, standard care, or another treatment option that is commonly used in practice. The comparison allows for a meaningful evaluation of the intervention’s effects.
  4. Define the Outcome (O): What is the desired outcome you wish to measure or observe in relation to the intervention? Clearly define the specific outcome you want to assess, whether it is a clinical parameter, patient satisfaction, quality of life, or any other measurable outcome that reflects the impact of the intervention.
  1. Determine the Timeframe (T): Specify the timeframe within which you will conduct your study. This could be a specific duration of treatment, follow-up period, or a defined timeline for data collection. Timeframe considerations are crucial for capturing the temporal aspects of the intervention and outcome


Template for Making PICOT Questions

For an intervention/therapy:

In _______(P), what is the effect of _______(I) on ______(O) compared with _______(C) within ________ (T)?

For etiology:

Are ____ (P) who have _______ (I) at ___ (Increased/decreased) risk for/of_______ (O) compared with ______ (P) with/without ______ (C) over _____ (T)?

Diagnosis or diagnostic test:

Are (is) _________ (I) more accurate in diagnosing ________ (P) compared with ______ (C) for _______ (O)?


For ________ (P) does the use of ______ (I) reduce the future risk of ________ (O) compared with _________ (C)?


Does __________ (I) influence ________ (O) in patients who have _______ (P) over ______ (T)?


How do ________ (P) diagnosed with _______ (I) perceive ______ (O) during _____ (T)?


This is an example of a PICOT question that is wrong in all facets. A dissection of the question will help identify the poorly written components.

In hospitalized geriatric patients more than 65 years of age with dementia (P), how does providing distraction activities (I) compared with providing traditional hospital care (C) decrease agitation (O)?

P: hospitalized geriatric patients more than 65 years of age with dementia

I: providing distraction activities

C: providing traditional hospital care

O: decrease agitation

  1. The terms in this PICO question are too wordy. The words placed into the search database are the exact words the computer is going to scan in the literature, so the more words, the less you will find.
  2. By including the word “providing” in the I and C search, you would miss any study where the title included words such as “implementing” or “utilizing” because the computer would be looking specifically for “providing.”
  3. This PICOT is not written in past tense; as such, it is a research question.
  4. PICOT questions should not include any directional words. They will cause a biased search.

The correctly written PICOT question to yield the most efficient search would be:

In geriatric patients with dementia (P), how did distraction activities (I) compared with traditional care (C) affect agitation (O)?

In summary, the PICOT framework was developed in 2005 as a way to help clinicians formulate well-built clinical questions for evidence-based inquiry. Since then, it has become a standard format for developing research questions in nursing and other healthcare fields. The framework has evolved over time to include the “T” component, and it has been shown to be effective in improving patient outcomes and promoting higher quality care.

Tips for Writing Well-Designed PICOT questions.

PICOT questions should not be wordy.

Instead of a “P” of “hospitalized geriatric patients with dementia,” a “P” that would lead to a better search is “geriatric patients with dementia” OR “geriatric dementia patients” because you want to search for and find all the literature about the “P” (population) of interest. Your intent may be to implement the evidence found on this population when they are in the hospital, but that is your project not your question.

PICOT questions should not include unnecessary words. Instead, PICOT questions should include only the key term(s) you are interested in. Instead of an “I” of “applying a sterile dressing,” an “I” of “sterile dressing” will lead to a better search. Extra words such as “provide,” “implement,” “use,” “deliver,” or “apply” add more words for the search engine to look for that are not important. Only include the key words that matter.

PICOT questions should not be used to find evidence to support the solutions that clinicians have already decided is the right answer.

Instead, PICOT questions should be used to find out what is the best practice. Instead of an “I” of “providing distraction activities,” an “I” that would lead to a better search is “interventions” OR “strategies” because the best practice is often something that you (and your committee or task force or council) did not know about or consider. For instance, what if the best intervention for addressing agitation in dementia patients is music therapy? You would never discover the right answer if you only searched for something that you had already decided on. This critical error leads people to search for evidence to support their idea, and it may not be—and often is not—the best idea. This mistake can be made inadvertently or with true intention. In the first scenario, you do not realize that you are making the mistake. In the second scenario, you intentionally look for evidence to support your idea and intentionally do not look for anything else. Either way, this problem needs to be avoided.

PICOT questions are always written in the past tense. You are searching for things that have already occurred. Research questions, on the other hand, are written in the present tense.

PICOT questions never include a directional term such as “increased” or “improved.” Once a directional term is included, the search is biased; if you only look for studies where a particular intervention “increased” an outcome of interest, you will miss all the articles where the intervention “decreased” that outcome. This is a dangerous mistake.

PICOT questions cannot be changed once you have started searching. More PICOT questions can be written for the same inquiry, but you cannot change a question that you have already used. That question is already part of your EBP adventure and needs to be included in your story.

Your PICOT question does not always match the change project or initiative you originally imagined or planned. That is because a well-written PICOT question leads you to the best practice to answer your inquiry, not the answer you were thinking about or for which you had hoped.

It is critical to invest time in writing a great PICOT question, as it is the gateway to an efficient, effective search and, ultimately, to making robust, evidence-based recommendations with confidence to assure the best decision-making possible and to improve care and outcomes.

The PICOT framework is a valuable tool in nursing research that offers several benefits. Here are some advantages and benefits of using the PICOT framework:

  1. Promotes clarity and precision
  • The PICOT framework promotes clarity and precision in formulating research questions. By specifying the population, intervention, comparison, outcome, and time of the study, researchers can avoid vague, broad, or untestable questions that may lead to inconclusive or irrelevant results
  1. Focuses research questions
  • The PICOT framework helps to focus research questions on specific patient populations, interventions, and outcomes. This focus can lead to more meaningful and impactful studies that can guide evidence-based practice and improve patient outcomes
  1. Provides a structured search strategy
  • The PICOT framework provides a structured search strategy that is derived from a clinical scenario and provides a framework for asking well-worded questions. This structured approach can assist in identifying the best available evidence to improve healthcare outcomes
  1. Translates evidence to practice
  • The PICOT framework can help clinicians translate evidence to practice by assisting with the decision-making process. Findings from research using the PICOT framework could ultimately lead to changes in a patient’s treatment for a particular condition, an alteration of his or her lifestyle choices, or to a better quality of life.
  1. Real-life impact
  • By gathering the best literature through a clinically-driven search strategy, research using the PICOT framework can have real-life impact. The PICOT framework can help researchers identify the terms to be used to search for the best evidence to answer a research question

What are Some Common Challenges in Formulating a Nursing PICOT Study?

  • Defining each component of the PICOT question:

One of the challenges in formulating a nursing PICOT study is defining each component of the question, including the population or patient problem, intervention, comparison, outcome, and timeframe.

  • Cost and feasibility:

Many research questions are costly, time-consuming, and difficult to conduct, especially with a randomized controlled trial (RCT) study design. Therefore, it is important to consider the cost and feasibility of the study before formulating the PICOT question.

  • Lack of knowledge:

Not knowing how to correctly write a PICOT question can be a challenge, especially for novice researchers.

  • Difficulty in identifying appropriate search terms and databases:

Identifying appropriate search terms and databases to use in the search for evidence can be a challenge, especially for those who are new to evidence-based practice.

  • Lack of clarity in the research question:

Lack of clarity in the research question can be a challenge, as it can lead to difficulties in identifying relevant evidence and conducting a thorough analysis.

Overcoming Challenges in Formulating a Nursing PICOT Study:

Formulating a nursing PICOT study can be challenging, but there are ways to overcome these challenges. Here are some tips based on the search results:

  1. Clearly define each component of the PICOT question:
  • To create a well-built and focused clinical question, each component of the PICOT question must be clearly defined. This includes the population or patient problem, intervention, comparison, outcome, and timeframe.
  1. Consider the feasibility of the study:
  • Many research questions are costly, time-consuming, and difficult to conduct, especially with a randomized controlled trial (RCT) study design. Therefore, it is important to consider the feasibility of the study before formulating the PICOT question.
  1. Seek guidance from experts:
  • If you are struggling to formulate a PICOT question, seek guidance from experts in the field. This could include nursing professors, clinical experts, or librarians who specialize in evidence-based practice.
  1. Use available resources:
  • There are many resources available to help nurses formulate PICOT questions, including online guides, videos, and databases. These resources can help you identify appropriate search terms and databases to use in your search for evidence.
  1. Practice:
  • Formulating a well-built PICOT question takes practice. The more you practice, the easier it will become to identify the key components of a clinical question and develop a focused and searchable research question.

By following these tips, nurses can overcome the challenges of formulating a nursing PICOT study and develop well-built clinical questions that can guide evidence-based practice and improve patient outcomes.


As we conclude this discussion, we would like to express our gratitude to our esteemed partner,, for their support in bringing you this informative content. Their dedication to empowering nurses and promoting excellence in nursing research has made this exploration possible.

Remember, as William Shakespeare once said, “We know what we are, but know not what we may be.” With the nursing PICOT study as our guide, we have the potential to transform the future of nursing, unlocking new horizons and embracing the endless possibilities of evidence-based care.

We encourage you to continue exploring our blog posts, where you will discover a treasure trove of valuable insights, practical tips, and engaging discussions on various topics related to nursing and evidence-based practice. Whether you’re a seasoned nurse, a nursing student, or a healthcare professional seeking to expand your knowledge, we have something for everyone.

Stay tuned for upcoming articles that delve deeper into specific aspects of nursing research, offer expert advice, and provide inspiration for your professional journey. Together, let’s embrace the power of knowledge, fuel our passion for nursing, and strive for excellence in evidence-based practice.

Thank you for joining us on this enlightening exploration of the Nursing PICOT study. We look forward to embarking on many more learning adventures with you. Happy reading!

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Health and Well-Being Across the Lifespan

Health and Well-Being Across the Lifespan

Health and well-being are two related but distinct concepts. Health refers to a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or illness. On the other hand, well-being is a multidimensional concept that encompasses the perception that life is going well. It is more than just happiness and life satisfaction, as it includes the experience of positive emotions such as happiness and contentment, the development of one’s potential, having some control over one’s life, having a sense of purpose, and experiencing positive relationships. Lifespan development refers to the dynamic interplay between health, illness, and psychological well-being across all stages of life. It is influenced by and influences health, illness, and psychological well-being. Understanding lifespan development is crucial to promoting health and well-being across the lifespan. Researchers and institutions are working to better understand the factors that influence lifespan development and develop interventions to promote health and well-being across all stages of life.

Promoting Health and Well-Being in Infancy and Early Childhood

  1. Importance of Prenatal Care

Early and regular prenatal visits to a healthcare provider are important for the health of both the mother and her developing foetus. Prenatal care can begin even before pregnancy with a pre-pregnancy care visit to a health care provider. Prenatal care can improve infant health by identifying conditions that can harm health such as low weight gain and by providing health and nutrition information. Health promotion during prenatal care includes alleviating unpleasant symptoms during pregnancy, providing lifestyle advice, promoting healthy nutrition, reducing environmental risks, and identifying and managing medical conditions

  1. Role of Nutrition in Early Childhood

Good nutrition is essential for the healthy growth and development of infants and young children. For infants in the first year of life, a good start begins with a healthy full-term pregnancy, a delivery without complications, a healthy and safe home environment, and good nutrition, including breastfeeding if possible. Breastfeeding is the best source of nutrition for most infants, and it provides many health benefits for both the mother and the baby. For infants who are not breastfed, infant formula is a suitable alternative. As children grow, it is important to provide them with a variety of healthy foods to ensure that they are getting all the nutrients they need for healthy growth and development.

  1. Significance of Immunizations and Regular Check-Ups

Immunizations and regular check-ups are important for promoting the health and well-being of infants and young children. Immunizations protect children from serious diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, and polio. Regular check-ups allow healthcare providers to monitor the growth and development of children and identify any health problems that may arise. During check-ups, healthcare providers can also provide parents with information on how to promote the health and well-being of their children, including advice on nutrition, safety, and developmental milestones.

Health and Well-Being in Adolescence

Adolescence is a period of significant physical and hormonal changes. Understanding these changes is important for promoting health and well-being in adolescents. Here are some key points about physical and hormonal changes during adolescence, the importance of mental health and emotional well-being, the impact of peer relationships and social influences on health, and risk-taking behaviours and prevention strategies.

  • Physical and Hormonal Changes

Physical changes of puberty mark the onset of adolescence. These changes include a growth spurt in height, growth of pubic and underarm hair, skin changes, breast development in females, and facial hair growth and deepening of voice in males. These pubertal changes are driven by hormones, particularly an increase in testosterone for males and oestrogen for females. Hormones play an organizational role (priming the body to behave in a certain way once puberty begins) and an activational role (triggering certain behavioural and physical changes). During puberty, the adolescent’s hormonal balance shifts strongly towards an adult state.

  • Importance of Mental Health and Emotional Well-Being

Adolescence is a period of significant cognitive, psychosocial, and emotional development. Mental health and emotional well-being are crucial components of overall health and well-being in adolescence. Adolescents may experience a range of mental health issues, including depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. It is important to promote mental health and emotional well-being in adolescents by providing support, resources, and interventions as needed.

  • Impact of Peer Relationships and Social Influences on Health

Peer relationships and social influences can have a significant impact on the health and well-being of adolescents. Adolescents may be influenced by their peers in terms of behaviours such as substance use, sexual activity, and risk-taking behaviours. It is important to promote positive peer relationships and provide education and resources to help adolescents make healthy choices.

  • Risk-Taking Behaviours and Prevention Strategies

Adolescents may engage in risk-taking behaviours such as substance use, unsafe sexual practices, and reckless driving. Prevention strategies include education, parental involvement, and community-based interventions. It is important to provide adolescents with accurate information about the risks associated with these behaviours and to promote healthy decision-making skills.

Adult Health and Well-Being

Maintaining good health and well-being is important for adults to lead a fulfilling life. Here are some key points about maintaining a healthy lifestyle, common health concerns in adulthood, the role of preventive screenings and healthcare maintenance, and the impact of work-life balance on health.

  1. Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important for adults to prevent chronic diseases and maintain good health. A healthy lifestyle includes regular exercise, healthy eating habits, getting enough sleep, limiting alcohol intake, and avoiding smoking. These small changes can go a long way in promoting health and well-being in adulthood.

  1. Common Health Concerns in Adulthood

Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are leading causes of death and disability in the United States. Stress is also a common health concern in adulthood and can lead to physical and mental health problems. It is important to manage stress through healthy coping mechanisms such as exercise, relaxation techniques, and social support.

  1. Preventive Screenings and Healthcare Maintenance

Preventive screenings and healthcare maintenance are important for adults to detect and prevent health problems. Regular check-ups, blood pressure screenings, cholesterol screenings, and cancer screenings can help detect health problems early on. It is important to work with healthcare providers to develop a healthcare maintenance plan that is tailored to individual needs.

  1. Impact of Work-Life Balance on Health

Work-life balance is important for promoting health and well-being in adulthood. Balancing work and personal life can reduce stress and improve overall health. It is important to prioritize self-care and make time for activities that promote relaxation and enjoyment.

Health and Well-Being in Older Adults

Older adults face unique health challenges that require special attention. Here are some key points about common health issues and conditions in the elderly population, the importance of maintaining physical and cognitive health, strategies for healthy aging, and the role of caregiving and support systems for older adults.

  1. Common Health Issues and Conditions in the Elderly Population

Older adults are at increased risk for chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, arthritis, and dementia. These conditions can lead to disability, decreased quality of life, and increased healthcare costs. It is important to manage these conditions through regular check-ups, medication management, and lifestyle changes such as healthy eating and exercise

  1. Importance of Maintaining Physical and Cognitive Health

Maintaining physical and cognitive health is important for promoting health and well-being in older adults. Regular exercise, healthy eating habits, and cognitive stimulation can help maintain physical and cognitive health. It is important to work with healthcare providers to develop a plan that is tailored to individual needs.

  1. Strategies for Healthy Aging

Strategies for healthy aging include exercise, social engagement, and cognitive stimulation. Exercise can help maintain physical health and prevent chronic diseases. Social engagement can help prevent isolation and depression. Cognitive stimulation can help maintain cognitive health and prevent dementia.

  1. Role of Caregiving and Support Systems for Older Adults

Caregiving and support systems are important for promoting health and well-being in older adults. Caregivers provide assistance with activities of daily living, medication management, and emotional support. Support systems can include community-based programs, transportation services, and social activities. It is important to work with healthcare providers and community resources to develop a plan that is tailored to individual needs.

Mental Health and Well-Being Across the Lifespan

Mental health is an integral part of overall health and well-being throughout different stages of life. Here are some key points about the significance of mental health throughout different stages of life, common mental health disorders at various life stages, the importance of early intervention and access to mental health services, and strategies for promoting mental well-being.

  1. Significance of Mental Health Throughout Different Stages of Life

Mental health is important throughout different stages of life, from childhood to old age. Good mental health is important for cognitive, emotional, and social development. Mental health issues can arise at any stage of life and can have a significant impact on overall health and well-being.

  1. Common Mental Health Disorders at Various Life Stages

Common mental health disorders at various life stages include anxiety disorders, depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. These disorders can have a significant impact on daily functioning and quality of life. It is important to seek early intervention and treatment for these disorders to prevent long-term negative outcomes

  1. Importance of Early Intervention and Access to Mental Health Services

Early intervention and access to mental health services are important for promoting mental health and well-being. Early intervention can prevent the development of more serious mental health issues and improve outcomes. Access to mental health services can provide support, resources, and treatment for mental health issues.

  1. Strategies for Promoting Mental Well-Being

Strategies for promoting mental well-being include exercise, healthy eating habits, stress management, social support, and cognitive stimulation. These strategies can help maintain good mental health and prevent the development of mental health issues to work with healthcare providers and community resources to develop a plan that is tailored to individual needs.

Socio-economic Factors and Health Disparities

Socioeconomic factors have a significant impact on health outcomes and can lead to health disparities across different populations. Here are some key points about the impact of socioeconomic factors on health outcomes, health disparities across different populations, strategies for reducing health inequalities and promoting health equity.

  1. Impact of Socioeconomic Factors on Health Outcomes

Socioeconomic factors such as income, education, employment, and neighbourhood can have a significant impact on health outcomes. Individuals with lower socioeconomic status are more likely to experience poor health outcomes such as chronic diseases, mental health issues, and premature death. These disparities are rooted in structural and systemic barriers across sectors, including housing, education, employment, and the justice system, as well as underlying racism and discrimination

  1. Health Disparities Across Different Populations

Health disparities exist across different populations, including racial and ethnic minorities, low-income individuals, and rural populations. These populations are more likely to experience poor health outcomes and have limited access to healthcare and other resources. It is important to address these disparities through targeted interventions and policies that promote health equity.

  1. Strategies for Reducing Health Inequalities and Promoting Health Equity

Strategies for reducing health inequalities and promoting health equity include addressing social determinants of health, increasing access to healthcare and other resources, and promoting policies that address structural and systemic barriers. These strategies can help reduce health disparities and promote health equity across different populations.


We would like to extend our heartfelt gratitude to each and every one of you for taking the time to visit our blog at We hope that this comprehensive exploration of “Health and Well-Being Across the Lifespan” has provided valuable insights and practical knowledge for your journey towards optimal health.

From understanding the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle and addressing common health concerns to emphasizing the significance of mental health and the role of support systems, we have covered various aspects crucial to your well-being at every stage of life.

Remember, your health and well-being are vital components of a fulfilling and rewarding life. By prioritizing physical and mental health, seeking early intervention when needed, and implementing strategies for promoting well-being, you can embark on a path of wellness and resilience.

We encourage you to share this information with your loved ones, colleagues, and community, as we believe that everyone deserves access to reliable and evidence-based knowledge that empowers them to make informed decisions about their health.

Once again, thank you for being part of our community. We are committed to providing quality content and supporting you in your pursuit of health and well-being across the lifespan.

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Importance of Nursing Health Assessment

Importance of Nursing Health Assessment

In the realm of healthcare, a nurse’s role extends far beyond administering medications and monitoring vital signs. It encompasses the profound skill of nursing health assessment, a holistic approach that forms the foundation of quality patient care. Imagine a nurse as an investigator, delving into the intricacies of a patient’s health, unravelling clues, and piecing together the puzzle of their well-being. Nursing health assessment serves as the cornerstone of holistic patient care, integrating subjective and objective data to facilitate accurate diagnosis, personalized interventions, and improved patient outcomes. This comprehensive evaluation serves as a crucial foundation for accurate diagnosis, personalized interventions, and improved patient outcomes.

The Importance of Nursing Health Assessment

Nursing health assessment can be defined as the systematic collection of data about a patient’s physical, psychological, and social well-being. It involves the meticulous gathering of subjective information, such as the patient’s symptoms, history, and perceptions, as well as objective data obtained through physical examination, observation, and diagnostic tests. This comprehensive assessment forms the foundation upon which healthcare professionals make informed decisions regarding patient care.

The role or importance of nursing health assessment in healthcare is paramount. It serves as a critical starting point for healthcare providers to understand the patient’s health status, identify potential health issues, and develop appropriate interventions. By assessing both subjective and objective data, nurses can obtain a comprehensive understanding of the patient’s condition, enabling them to identify underlying problems, monitor progress, and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions.

However, what sets nursing health assessment apart is its commitment to a holistic approach to patient care. A holistic approach recognizes that patients are not just a collection of symptoms or medical conditions; they are complex individuals with unique needs, beliefs, and experiences. By considering the patient’s physical, psychological, and social dimensions, nursing health assessment embraces a comprehensive perspective that acknowledges the interconnectedness of various aspects of well-being.

The significance of a holistic approach in patient care cannot be overstated. It allows healthcare professionals to identify not only physical ailments but also psychosocial factors that may impact a patient’s health and well-being. By understanding the patient in their entirety, nurses can address underlying causes, provide individualized care plans, and promote overall wellness.

Moreover, a holistic approach encourages patient engagement and empowerment. It fosters a therapeutic relationship between healthcare providers and patients, built on trust, respect, and collaboration. Patients feel heard, valued, and involved in their own care, leading to better treatment adherence, improved outcomes, and enhanced patient satisfaction.


The Different Components of Nursing Health Assessment

  1. The Initial Nursing Assessment: Unveiling the Patient’s Story

When embarking on the journey of nursing health assessment, the initial assessment serves as the gateway to understanding the patient’s unique story. Like an artist preparing to create a masterpiece, nurses engage in active listening, employing their empathetic skills to unravel the patient’s narrative. By delving deep into the patient’s history, current concerns, and aspirations, nurses gain valuable insights that guide subsequent assessments and interventions.

  1. Subjective and Objective Data Collection: The Yin and Yang of Assessment

Imagine nursing health assessment as a harmonious dance between subjective and objective data. Subjective data, the whispered secrets shared by the patient, provide a glimpse into their inner experiences. Through open-ended questioning and compassionate listening, nurses unravel symptoms, perceptions, and fears, which form the tapestry of subjective data. On the other hand, objective data, the tangible evidence acquired through physical examination, observation, and diagnostic tests, completes the picture. Nurses skilfully wield their assessment tools, tapping into their powers of observation to reveal vital signs, body language, and clinical indicators. The combination of these two realms of data empowers nurses to form a holistic understanding of the patient’s health status.

  1. The Nursing Process: Guiding the Assessment Journey

The nursing process acts as the compass that navigates the assessment journey. This systematic approach encompasses five interrelated steps: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. During the assessment phase, nurses gather data, analyse it, and synthesize the information to form a comprehensive assessment. Armed with this understanding, nurses proceed to diagnose the patient’s health problems, develop individualized care plans, and implement interventions that address the identified needs. Throughout this process, ongoing evaluation ensures the effectiveness of interventions and guides adjustments to optimize patient outcomes.

  1. Holistic Integration: Weaving a Tapestry of Care

In the realm of nursing health assessment, the true artistry lies in weaving a tapestry of care that embraces the patient’s physical, emotional, and social dimensions. Nurses approach each assessment as a holistic opportunity to understand the unique essence of the individual before them. They consider cultural nuances, spiritual beliefs, and psychosocial factors, recognizing that these aspects intricately intertwine with physical health. By treating the whole person and not merely the symptoms, nurses facilitate healing and nurture well-being.

As we journey through the remarkable landscape of nursing health assessment, remember that its true essence lies in the willingness to understand, support, and advocate for the well-being of our patients. May this knowledge empower you, dear reader, to embark on your own quest for excellence in nursing practice and contribute to the holistic care of those in your charge.

The Nursing Process and How it Relates to Nursing Health Assessment

The nursing process serves as an influential scheme that guides nurses in delivering effective and patient-centred care. It encompasses a systematic approach consisting of five interconnected steps: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Let’s explore how the nursing process and nursing health assessment are closely intertwined.

  • Assessment: The Foundation of the Nursing Process

Assessment forms the foundational step of the nursing process, and nursing health assessment plays a momentous role here. By conducting a comprehensive assessment, nurses gather subjective and objective data to obtain a holistic understanding of the patient’s health status. This data serves as the basis for clinical decision-making throughout the nursing process.

  • Diagnosis: Identifying Health Needs

Following the assessment, nurses analyse the collected data and identify nursing diagnoses. Nursing diagnoses are clinical judgments about actual or potential health problems that nurses are qualified to treat. The data gathered during nursing health assessment informs and guides the identification of these diagnoses, allowing nurses to focus on the specific health needs of the patient.

  • Planning: Tailoring Care to Individual Needs

The planning phase involves developing a care plan that is tailored to the individual patient. The data obtained from nursing health assessment helps nurses identify priority areas of care, set achievable goals, and select appropriate interventions. By considering the patient’s unique needs, preferences, and circumstances, nurses can create a personalized care plan that addresses the specific health issues identified during the assessment.

  • Implementation: Putting the Plan into Action

During the implementation phase, nurses put the care plan into action. This includes providing interventions, treatments, and patient education based on the assessment findings. The data collected during nursing health assessment guides the selection of appropriate interventions, ensuring that they are aligned with the patient’s health needs and goals.

  • Evaluation: Assessing the Effectiveness of Care

The final step of the nursing process is evaluation, which involves assessing the patient’s response to the implemented interventions and determining the effectiveness of the care plan. The data obtained during nursing health assessment serves as a baseline for comparison, allowing nurses to evaluate whether the interventions have achieved the desired outcomes and make any necessary adjustments to the care plan.

Best Practices for Conducting a Nursing Health Assessment

To excel in conducting a nursing health assessment, nurses must possess a diverse set of skills and techniques. Let’s delve into some of the essential practices that ensure a comprehensive and accurate assessment.

  1. Effective Communication and Active Listening Skills

The cornerstone of a successful nursing health assessment lies in effective communication and active listening. Nurses must establish a rapport with patients, creating a safe and supportive environment that encourages open dialogue. Active listening involves attentively hearing not only the words spoken by the patient but also understanding their emotions, concerns, and nonverbal cues. By actively engaging in the exchange of information, nurses can gain valuable insights and establish a trusting relationship with the patient.

  1. Observation and Physical Examination Techniques

Observation is a fundamental skill that allows nurses to assess a patient’s physical appearance, behaviour, and vital signs. It involves keen observation of skin color, posture, facial expressions, and other visual cues that may provide clues to the patient’s health status. Physical examination techniques, such as palpation, auscultation, percussion, and inspection, further aid in gathering objective data about the patient’s body systems. Through thorough observation and physical examination, nurses can identify abnormalities, assess organ function, and detect potential health concerns.

  1. Use of Assessment Tools and Technologies

In the modern healthcare landscape, assessment tools and technologies play a significant role in enhancing the accuracy and efficiency of nursing health assessments. These tools include specialized devices, such as blood pressure monitors, stethoscopes, and thermometers, which aid in obtaining objective data. Additionally, assessment technologies, such as electronic health records (EHRs), computerized documentation systems, and mobile applications, provide convenient ways to record, organize, and analyse assessment data. By utilizing these tools and technologies, nurses can streamline the assessment process, reduce errors, and facilitate data-driven decision-making.

It is important to note that while these skills and techniques are crucial, they should always be employed with cultural sensitivity, respect for patient privacy, and adherence to ethical standards. Every patient encounter presents a unique opportunity for nurses to demonstrate their expertise, compassion, and commitment to delivering high-quality care.

By mastering effective communication, active listening, observation, physical examination techniques, and utilizing assessment tools and technologies, nurses can conduct thorough and accurate nursing health assessments. These best practices empower nurses to gather comprehensive data, establish a strong foundation for clinical decision-making, and ultimately provide patient-centred care that promotes optimal health outcomes.

Remember, dear reader, that the art of nursing health assessment is not just about gathering information—it is about building meaningful connections with patients, understanding their stories, and advocating for their well-being. Embrace these best practices, and let them guide you on your journey to becoming a skilled and compassionate nurse who leaves a lasting impact on the lives of those you serve.

Role of Nursing Health Assessment in Patient Outcomes

Nursing health assessment plays a vital role in influencing patient outcomes across various dimensions of care. Let’s explore how the thorough and accurate assessment of patients positively impacts their overall well-being.

  • Early Identification of Health Issues

Nursing health assessment allows for the early identification of health issues, enabling timely interventions and treatment. By carefully collecting subjective and objective data, nurses can detect subtle changes in a patient’s health status and promptly address emerging problems. This early identification contributes to the prevention of complications, promotes timely interventions, and improves patient outcomes.

  • Tailored Care Planning

Through nursing health assessment, nurses gain a comprehensive understanding of the patient’s unique needs, preferences, and circumstances. This information serves as the foundation for developing personalized care plans that address individual health concerns. By tailoring interventions to the specific needs of each patient, nurses can enhance treatment effectiveness and improve patient outcomes.

  • Continuity of Care

Nursing health assessment facilitates the continuity of care by providing a baseline of data that can be utilized throughout a patient’s healthcare journey. As patients transition between different healthcare settings or encounter different healthcare providers, accurate and consistent assessment data ensures that their care remains cohesive. This continuity helps to prevent gaps in care, supports effective care transitions, and ultimately improves patient outcomes.

  • Patient Engagement and Empowerment

A thorough nursing health assessment involves active communication and engagement with the patient. By actively involving patients in their care, nurses empower them to participate in decision-making and take ownership of their health. This engagement fosters a sense of empowerment, enhances treatment adherence, and promotes positive patient outcomes.

  • Holistic Approach to Care

Importance of nursing health assessment embraces a holistic approach that considers the physical, emotional, social, and cultural aspects of patient well-being. By understanding the interconnectedness of these dimensions, nurses can develop comprehensive care plans that address the whole person. This holistic approach promotes improved patient outcomes by addressing the diverse factors that influence health and well-being

Importance of nursing health assessment directly influences patient outcomes by enabling early identification of health issues, facilitating tailored care planning, ensuring continuity of care, promoting patient engagement and empowerment, and embracing a holistic approach to patient care. By recognizing the critical role of nursing health assessment in patient outcomes, nurses can effectively contribute to improving the health and well-being of those under their care.

Challenges and Ethical Considerations in Nursing Health Assessment

Here are some potential challenges and obstacles in conducting assessments and ethical considerations such as privacy, confidentiality, and cultural sensitivity.

Challenges and Obstacles:

  • Time constraints: Nurses may face time constraints when conducting assessments, which can limit the amount of information they can gather from patients.
  • Patient cooperation: Some patients may be uncooperative or unwilling to provide information during assessments, which can make it difficult for nurses to gather accurate data.
  • Language barriers: Language barriers can make it difficult for nurses to communicate with patients and gather accurate information during assessments.
  • Cultural differences: Cultural differences can impact the way patients perceive and respond to health assessments, which can affect the accuracy of the data gathered.
  • Physical limitations: Patients with physical limitations may not be able to participate fully in health assessments, which can limit the amount of information nurses can gather.

Ethical Considerations:

  • Privacy and confidentiality: Nurses must ensure that patient information is kept confidential and that patient privacy is respected during health assessments.
  • Informed consent: Nurses must obtain informed consent from patients before conducting health assessments.
  • Cultural sensitivity: Nurses must be culturally sensitive and aware of the potential impact of cultural differences on health assessments.
  • Respect for patient autonomy: Nurses must respect the autonomy of patients and ensure that they are fully informed and involved in the health assessment process.
  • Avoiding bias: Nurses must avoid bias and ensure that health assessments are conducted in an objective and unbiased manner.

By being aware of these challenges and ethical considerations, nurses can conduct more effective and respectful health assessments that lead to better patient outcomes.


Throughout this blog, we have explored the definition and Importance of nursing health assessment, the role of a holistic approach in patient care, the nursing process, best practices for conducting assessments, and the impact of nursing health assessment on patient outcomes. We have also discussed the challenges and ethical considerations that nurses face in this essential aspect of their practice.

As healthcare professionals, it is crucial for us to recognize the immense value of nursing health assessment in providing optimal care. By conducting thorough assessments, we can identify health issues early, tailor care plans to individual needs, ensure continuity of care, promote patient engagement, and embrace a holistic approach that considers all aspects of well-being.

We encourage you, dear readers, to continue exploring the importance of nursing health assessment in patient care. Visit our blog,, for more insightful content, resources, and articles that delve deeper into this crucial aspect of nursing practice. Together, let us strive for excellence in nursing health assessment and empower ourselves to provide the highest quality of care to those we serve.

Thank you for joining us on this journey of understanding the overview of the mportance of nursing health assessment. We look forward to engaging with you further and continuing to share valuable knowledge and information in the world of nursing.

Remember, your commitment to nursing health assessment contributes to better patient outcomes and makes a positive difference in the lives of individuals and communities. Keep exploring, learning, and evolving in your practice.

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The best AI Content Detection Tools

Some of the best AI Content Detection Tools

The emergence of advanced AI content detection tools has revolutionized the online landscape, enabling bloggers and content creators to ensure authenticity, combat misinformation, and promote a safer digital environment. In today’s digital landscape, where content creation and consumption are at an all-time high, ensuring the authenticity and integrity of information becomes paramount. As the volume of online content continues to skyrocket, the need for effective content detection tools has become crucial.

With the launch of ChatGPT end of November 2022 it became clear that large language models (LLM) like GPT3.5 can replace a lot of text generation, more than even GPT3 or older models. And GPT4 by OpenAI is just around the corner.

Organizations, government agencies, and universities have a strong interest to determine if a piece of content was generated using a language model or AI text tool, needing a GPT Detector for handed in papers.

How would a GPT3 detector or ChatGPT detector work?

There are several ways to detect whether a piece of content was generated using a language model like GPT3, ChatGPT, or a tool like, Writesonic, or

Some methods that could be used include:

  1. Checking for certain linguistic features or patterns that are common in machine-generated text. e.g. AI-generated text might have higher levels of repetitiveness or lack the complexity and variability of human-written text.
  2. Checking for specific formatting or structural features that are common in machine-generated text. e.g. AI-generated text might have a more uniform structure or lack the variety of formatting that is typical in human-written text. They sometimes look “too good to be true”.
  3. Checking for certain keywords or phrases that are commonly used in AI-generated text. That’s a lot harder already. In general, there are statistically significant patterns known and detectable of which word combinations a model like GPT3 picks.
  4. Comparing the content in question to known examples of machine-generated text. This could be done manually or especially using machine learning techniques to analyse the content and determine its likelihood of being generated by a machine, again.
  5. It is important to know that both GPT3 and ChatGPT (GPT3.5) have a much richer vocabulary, and produce more complex output. This fact makes them harder to distinguish from human written content.

It is also important to note that detecting whether a piece of content was generated using a language model or AI tool is not straightforward. It may be challenging to determine the origin of a given piece of text definitively. Many trivial text blocks written by a human or copied/pasted from the web are often detected as likely AI-generated.

Here is a list of the best AI Content Detection Tools – Top 8 AI detection tools:

  1. AI, as the name suggests, is a tool that uses AI to detect AI. It is among the the best AI content detection tools. Seems a bit paradoxical, but it uses machine learning and works around the sentence structure to check the originality of the text. This tool also detects plagiarism and ensures that the written work is original. If you are planning to consider as your go-to tool, here are the pros and cons to look for beforehand.


  • It quickly identifies plagiarism and thus saves time and effort involved.
  • It can help ensure that written work is original, which can be important in academic or professional settings.
  • uses natural language processing (NLP) algorithms to understand the text and identify similarities, even when the text has been rephrased or paraphrased. The tool can also check the text against a user-defined database of sources, such as a list of sources provided by a professor or a company’s internal document.
  • It can also help users learn about proper citation and referencing practices.


  • Like any other software, this, too, is prone to false positives. There might be instances where it might detect your original content to have been written by an AI. Don’t groan about it; rather, feel proud that you have some superhuman-level skills.
  • It may not be able to detect all instances of plagiarism, especially if the text has been substantially rephrased or paraphrased.
  • It may rely too heavily on the tool and not encourage users to develop their skills in identifying plagiarism.
  1. Writer

Similar to Originality,’s AI Content Detector tool also uses artificial intelligence and machine learning to check the originality of the text. It is among the the best AI content detection tools. The tool works by comparing the text being checked against a database of other texts to identify similarities. When a user submits text to’s AI Content Detector, the tool scans the text and compares it to a database of other texts, including academic papers, websites, and other sources. The tool looks for similarities in the text, such as identical or similar phrases, sentences, or paragraphs. Here are the pros and cons to look for:


  • Using NLP, it cannot just detect AI content but even helps brands get unique content to elate their image
  • Free for up to 1500 characters (nearly 300 words)
  • Can quickly create different types of content like social media copy, articles, quora answers, emails, etc.
  • It can quickly and efficiently check large amounts of text for plagiarism
  • Users can also get numerous suggestions regarding citations and referencing
  • It has an extension that you can add to Chrome, Word, Edge, Docs, etc.


  • Might fail to detect plagiarism every time
  • It is also prone to false positive, which mean that sometimes even human-generated content can be detected as AI-generated. Phew!
  1. Copyleaks

Whenever we talk about plagiarism, we talk about Copyleaks. This company mainly works on helping companies be free from plagiarism. Apart from it, it also has a free tool that allows free 300-word AI content detection. But, should it be relied upon?


  • Free to use
  • Covers different language models
  • Provides chrome extension
  • Best for plagiarism
  • APIs for large-scale detections


  • Does not provide a measurement of how much content is original
  • The AI detector is a beta version, which means in the future it might be chargeable
  1. Crossplag

Like other AI detection tools, Crossplag is based on machine learning and NLP. It is among the the best AI content detection tools. The software shows results on a scale of red to green, where red means unoriginal content and green means original. Crossplag is a powerful tool, forged by the brightest minds in the field of technology, that uses advanced algorithms to scan your text and identify any instances of plagiarism, big or small, with reasonable accuracy. Here are the pros and cons of Crossplag:


  • Supports over 100 languages
  • Simple UI that detects plagiarism with reasonable accuracy
  • Could be helpful in several work areas like SEO, academics, corporate content, etc.
  • LTI integrations
  • Uses the latest tech in NLP and ML


  • Not well adept to the latest GPT model
  • Pricing could be an issue for some
  • Where its plagiarism is reasonably good, its AI detection may give out false positives
  1. Kazan

Considering companies’ current focus on SEO, Kazan came up with its SEO-based content generation and optimization app. It is among the the best AI content detection tools. Apart from SEO, Kazan is capable of generating AI-based content too. It also uses the NLP model to generate and detect AI-based content. Here are possible pros and cons to consider before paying for its services:


  • Can process GPT3 model
  • Simple interface
  • Far excels the other free tools out there
  • Can scan content in bulk
  • Free-to-use tool


  • Needs a minimum of 200 and a maximum of 400 words to process the results
  • Has a bit distractive interface that could feel annoying at times
  1. GLTR

GLTR, or Giant Language Model Test Room, works on detecting the GPT language model. It is among the the best AI content detection tools. It was developed by a team hailing from MIT-IBM and Harvard NLP. The interface is very basic and can help you detect artificially generated content through its natural language processing (NLP) algorithm. Here are the pros and cons to consider:


  • Can work well on the GPT model
  • It is free for all users
  • Provides results with reasonable accuracy
  • Provides results with visualization


  • The scientific language used could be vague for non-tech users
  • User interface is a bit complex
  • Detection is limited to the GPT database
  1. ai

Founded in 2018 by Ziang Xie, this tool has become an excellent AI detection tool in no time. It is among the the best AI content detection tools. It claims to be an excellent messaging assistant for companies that deal with customers. However, apart from being a messaging tool, it also helps companies detect AI-generated content. But how good is it at doing this?


  • Offers excellent grammar and spell checking
  • Extension and add-ons for Google Chrome and Docs
  • Creates excellent content like emails, blogs, etc., using NLP
  • Offers quick and excellent messaging support
  • Integration with over 40 websites and applications


  • No extension yet for the Mac browser
  • Integration lacks quality
  • Has no add-on for Google Slides
  1. OpenAI Text Classifier

The OpenAI Text Classifier is a tool from OpenAI, an organization specializing in artificial intelligence. It is among the the best AI content detection tools. Its main job is to tell the difference between human-written and AI-written text. As OpenAI is a leader in creating AI-generated content, they have valuable insights into detecting it. The Classifier is not always 100% reliable (like any other tool on this list), but it usually works best with longer input text. OpenAI offers this Classifier for public use, free of charge, just like its ChatGPT 3.5 tool.

Key Features:

  • High accuracy for finding out if the author was human or AI
  • Free and available to all
  • Easy integration with APIs

OpenAI brought generative AI into the limelight, and with the Text Classifier, it is now bringing awareness to even the ugly sides of this technology. For those of you who trust OpenAI and ChatGPT, this is a great AI content finder to use.

Thank you for joining us on this exploration of AI content detector tools, and we hope this blog has provided valuable insights and guidance for leveraging these tools in your own endeavours.



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Conflict in the Workplace

Conflict in the Workplace

Conflict in the Workplace is an unavoidable part of our daily lives, yet many of us tend to shy away from it, fearing the challenges that come with navigating interpersonal disputes. This avoidance is also prevalent among nurse leaders who may lack the confidence or skills to effectively manage conflict situations. Unfortunately, this tendency to avoid conflict often exacerbates the problem, leading to more complexities when it is finally addressed. Mishandled conflicts can strain relationships, impede employee performance, and have a negative impact on the entire organization. However, when conflict is handled adeptly, it presents an opportunity for smooth problem resolution and benefits all parties involved. In this article, we propose that nurse leaders adopt the collaborative approach as the most effective method for conflict resolution. By embracing this approach, nurse leaders can shift their mindset from viewing conflict as an issue to be avoided to perceiving it as an opportunity for positive outcomes that benefit everyone involved.

What are some common types of Conflict in the Workplacect in nursing?

Conflict in the Workplace is a multifaceted phenomenon that nurses frequently encounter within the workplace. In the nursing profession, various types of conflict can arise, each requiring distinct approaches for resolution. Interpersonal Conflict in the Workplace manifests in interactions between nurses and their colleagues, patients, or even family members of patients. Organizational conflict arises from disagreements between nurses and their managers regarding work responsibilities and expectations. Intrapersonal conflict, on the other hand, stems from conflicting values or beliefs within an individual nurse. Furthermore, nursing also faces challenges associated with disruptive conflict and instances of violence or abuse.

To ensure a conducive work environment and uphold the quality of care, it is imperative for nurses to cultivate strong conflict resolution skills. By developing these essential competencies, nurses can effectively manage conflicts across these different realms. Such skills play a pivotal role in addressing interpersonal tensions, aligning organizational goals, and promoting personal growth within the nursing profession. Additionally, conflict resolution skills contribute to the prevention and mitigation of disruptive incidents and violence, safeguarding the well-being of both healthcare providers and patients.

Recognizing the diverse array of conflicts that nurses may encounter, it becomes increasingly important to equip nursing professionals with the tools and knowledge necessary for successful Conflict in the Workplace resolution. By fostering an environment that values open communication, empathy, and understanding, nurses can effectively manage conflicts and maintain a harmonious work environment that promotes optimal patient outcomes.

Navigating Conflict Resolution

Morton Deutsch, the father of modern conflict management theory, revolutionized the field by introducing the collaborative approach as a powerful strategy for resolving disputes. Referred to as the “win-win” approach, it aims to find solutions that benefit all parties involved. Collaborative resolutions often result in outcomes where both parties can say, “We both stand to gain from this.” In contrast, compromising involves a give-and-take mentality where both parties relinquish certain aspects to reach a resolution. Compromising often leads to statements like, “I’ll sacrifice this if you sacrifice that.”

The collaborative approach holds significant advantages over compromising, as it focuses on preserving and enhancing relationships rather than fostering animosity due to perceived losses. This makes it an ideal choice for nurse leaders when managing conflicts. By adopting the collaborative approach, nurse leaders can foster a cooperative environment, where conflicts are addressed constructively, and solutions are reached that benefit everyone involved. This approach not only resolves immediate issues but also contributes to long-term relationship building and mutual understanding among team members.

By utilizing the collaborative approach, nurse leaders can demonstrate their commitment to fairness, effective communication, and shared decision-making. This promotes a culture of trust and collaboration within the nursing team, leading to improved teamwork, enhanced job satisfaction, and ultimately better patient outcomes.

Mastering Conflict Resolution and Team-Building Skills for Nurses

Mastering conflict resolution and team-building skills is essential for nurses to create a positive work environment that values open communication, respect, and collaboration. By investing in these skills, nurses can contribute to a supportive and cohesive nursing team, where conflicts are seen as opportunities for growth and improvement rather than as obstacles. This not only improves job satisfaction and reduces stress but also enhances the quality of patient care. By mastering these skills, nurses can navigate conflicts with confidence, promote effective communication, and foster a strong sense of teamwork among colleagues.

Active Listening and Effective Communication: One of the fundamental skills in Conflict in the Workplace resolution is active listening. Nurses must cultivate the ability to truly hear and understand the perspectives of others involved in a conflict. By actively listening, nurses can validate the concerns of their colleagues and foster an atmosphere of mutual respect. Additionally, effective communication is crucial for addressing conflicts constructively. Nurses should strive for clear and concise communication, ensuring that their intentions and messages are accurately conveyed. This helps prevent misunderstandings and promotes collaborative problem-solving.

Emotional Intelligence and Empathy: Emotional intelligence plays a vital role in conflict resolution and team-building. Nurses must be aware of their own emotions and effectively manage them, as well as understand and empathize with the emotions of others. By demonstrating empathy, nurses can establish rapport and create a safe space for open and honest dialogue. This foster understanding and helps build stronger relationships within the nursing team.

Problem-Solving and Negotiation Skills: Conflict in the Workplace resolution often requires effective problem-solving and negotiation skills. Nurses should be adept at identifying the underlying issues contributing to the conflict and finding creative solutions. This involves brainstorming alternative approaches, evaluating potential outcomes, and reaching consensus through compromise when necessary. Negotiation skills are particularly important in finding common ground and facilitating win-win situations that satisfy the needs and interests of all parties involved.

Conflict Prevention and Management: While conflict resolution is important, it is equally vital for nurses to proactively prevent conflicts from escalating. This involves recognizing potential sources of conflict, such as differences in values, communication styles, or work preferences, and addressing them early on. Nurses should engage in open dialogue, clarify expectations, and establish clear guidelines and protocols to minimize the likelihood of conflicts arising. Additionally, conflict management strategies, such as assertiveness and de-escalation techniques, can help nurses address conflicts promptly and effectively before they negatively impact the work environment.

Building Trust and Collaboration: Team-building is integral to conflict resolution, as a strong and cohesive nursing team is better equipped to handle conflicts and maintain a positive work environment. Nurses should focus on building trust through open communication, mutual support, and shared accountability. Collaboration should be encouraged, fostering a sense of collective responsibility and promoting the belief that the entire team’s success is paramount.

How can nurses encourage open communication and collaboration among their colleagues?

Here is a list of tips:

  1. Promote skilled communication among team members to optimize patient outcomes and encourage essential collaboration.
    • Nurses should emphasize the importance of effective communication skills within the team to enhance patient care and foster collaboration.
  2. Foster open, non-judgmental dialogue to encourage mutual understanding
    • Creating an environment where team members feel comfortable expressing their thoughts and ideas without fear of judgment promotes open communication and mutual understanding.
  3. Listen actively to understand and use a mediator when tensions rise
    • Active listening is key to effective communication. Nurses should actively engage in listening to their colleagues’ perspectives and seek mediation when conflicts escalate to maintain a constructive dialogue.
  4. Encourage patients to communicate by asking open questions and showing interest in what they are saying.
    • Nurses can facilitate patient communication by utilizing open-ended questions and demonstrating genuine interest, which fosters a collaborative relationship with patients and encourages them to express their concerns.
  5. Establish team goals and acknowledge the efforts of others
    • Setting clear team goals creates a shared purpose and fosters collaboration. Recognizing and acknowledging the contributions of colleagues promotes a supportive work environment.
  6. Provide team members with support for and access to interprofessional education and coaching that develop critical communication skills
    • Offering resources and opportunities for interprofessional education and coaching helps enhance the communication skills of team members, promoting effective collaboration.
  7. Establish systems that require individuals and teams to formally evaluate the impact of communication on clinical and financial outcomes and the work environment.
    • By implementing evaluation systems that assess the impact of communication, nurses can identify areas for improvement and promote accountability in fostering open communication and collaboration.
  8. Include communication as a criterion in the formal performance appraisal system, and team members demonstrate skilled communication to meet the criteria
    • Incorporating communication skills as a criterion in performance appraisals incentivizes and recognizes the importance of effective communication among team members.
  9. Encourage team members to share personal information to build mutual respect and trust
    • Encouraging team members to share personal information helps create connections, build mutual respect, and foster a sense of trust within the team.

By implementing these strategies, nurses can actively encourage open communication and collaboration among their colleagues, resulting in a positive work environment that values teamwork, mutual understanding, and enhanced patient care.

How can nurses recognize and manage conflicts in the workplace?

Recognizing and managing interpersonal conflict is essential in nursing. Differing beliefs, values, and communication styles can contribute to interpersonal conflicts in nursing. Here is a list of strategies for recognizing and managing these conflicts:

  1. Conflict in the Workplace may arise due to opposing views, opinions, values, preferences, desires, interests, beliefs, and goals.
    • Nurses should be aware that conflicts can arise from various factors, including differences in perspectives, values, and goals. Recognizing these potential sources of conflict is the first step in effectively managing them.
  2. Nurses need to achieve effective team-building skills within nursing groups to deliver quality care and avoid conflicts.
    • Developing strong team-building skills is crucial for nurses to foster collaboration, promote effective communication, and prevent conflicts from escalating. This helps create a positive and harmonious work environment.
  3. Conflict management skills are frequently listed as an important category of expert nursing skills.
    • Conflict management skills are recognized as essential for nurses to navigate and resolve conflicts successfully. These skills are valued for their impact on patient care and maintaining a healthy work environment.
  4. The best approach to conflict resolution for nurse leaders is the collaborative approach, which creates a “win-win” situation for everyone involved.
    • The collaborative approach emphasizes finding mutually beneficial resolutions that address the interests and needs of all parties. This approach promotes cooperation, understanding, and the preservation of relationships.
  5. Nurse leaders must listen actively to what the involved parties want and block out the noise of denials and blame they may place on the other.
    • Active listening is crucial in conflict resolution. Nurse leaders should focus on understanding the underlying concerns and motivations of the involved parties while avoiding biases and defensiveness.
  6. Uncovering the real desires of the involved parties may require private discussions that probe into what is motivating them.
    • To address conflicts effectively, nurse leaders may need to engage in private discussions with the individuals involved to gain deeper insights into their motivations, perspectives, and desires. This helps in finding common ground and reaching a resolution.
  7. Promote diversity and inclusion to foster open-mindedness and encourage respectful communication.
    • Embracing diversity and fostering an inclusive environment helps nurses develop open-mindedness, respect for different perspectives, and effective communication skills. This reduces the likelihood of conflicts arising from misunderstandings or biases.
  8. Encourage respectful communication by using “I” statements, active listening, and avoiding negative language.
    • Nurses should promote respectful communication by using “I” statements to express their feelings and perspectives, actively listening to others without interrupting, and avoiding negative language or personal attacks that can escalate conflicts.
  9. Recognize the different communication styles and preferences of colleagues and adapt communication accordingly.
    • Each individual has unique communication styles and preferences. Nurses should be mindful of these differences and adapt their communication approaches to ensure effective and respectful interactions with colleagues.


Thank you for visiting and taking the time to explore the topic of mastering Conflict in the Workplace resolution and team-building skills for nurses. We hope that the information provided has been valuable in understanding the importance of effectively managing conflicts in the workplace and promoting collaboration among colleagues.

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Psychotherapeutic Approaches to Group Therapy

Psychotherapeutic Approaches to Group Therapy

Psychotherapeutic Approaches to Group Therapy for Addiction


When selecting a psychotherapeutic approach for a client, you must consider the unique needs and characteristics of that particular client. The same is true when selecting a psychotherapeutic approach for groups. Not every approach is appropriate for every group, and the group’s unique needs and characteristics must be considered. For this Assignment, you examine psychotherapeutic approaches to group therapy for addiction.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Evaluate psychotherapeutic approaches to group therapy for addiction

To prepare:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources and reflect on the insights they provide on group therapy for addiction.
  • View the media, Levy Family: Sessions 1-7, and consider the psychotherapeutic approaches being used.  (See downloaded files)

The Assignment

In a 2- to 3-page paper, address the following:

  • Identify the psychotherapeutic approach that the group facilitator is using, and explain why she might be using this approach.
  • Determine whether or not you would use the same psychotherapeutic approach if you were the counselor facilitating this group, and justify your decision.
  • Identify an alternative approach to group therapy for addiction, and explain why it is an appropriate option.
  • Support your position with evidence-based literature.



Psychotherapeutic Approaches to Group Therapy for Addiction


Psychotherapy involves a wide range of interventions that are used by a therapist to ensure that the patient gets the most out of the treatment. The case assesses the Levy family sessions and establishes that he experienced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result of a life-threatening experience in Iraq. PTSD is associated with several other issues such as addictive behaviors, anger, and depression among others (American Psychiatric Association 2013).

The Psychotherapeutic Approach

At the beginning of the session, the facilitator employs individual therapy intending to get information about Levy. The method is successful and the facilitator can obtain information such as the war experiences, alcohol use as well as the relationship issues that he is facing in his marriage. In the process, Levy breaks down but the facilitator employs behavioral therapy approaches to help him through the process. The psychotherapeutic approach to group therapy for addiction that is employed is the exploratory psychotherapy. The exploratory, also known as the psychodynamic approach, is derived from psychoanalysis and aims at understanding the thoughts and feelings that are unconscious (Levi et al. 2016).


In the psychodynamic approach, the therapist and the patients uncover the links between the past experiences and the present behavior that the patient is exhibiting. Levi explains the ordeal that he went through in Iraq and especially seeing his colleague die, something that haunted him leading to his drinking problem. He narrates the other challenges that he experienced during his mission and this explains the present problem of addiction and the severed marriage. One characteristic of the exploratory forms of psychotherapy is that they may be disorganizing mainly because the patient has to recount some of the memories that may be very painful. In this case, Levi gets anxious and the facilitator has to employ some behavioral strategies to calm him down so that he can be able to go through with the session.

I would use the approach to help patients manage the challenges of substance abuse. Patients that struggle with addiction usually feel lonely and therefore, group therapy is important as it allows them to experience a platform where they can share their problems, frustrations as well as solutions (Srivastava, Singh, and Chahal, 2019). The psychotherapy approach is a useful one because it provides support for the patient and establishes processes that in establishing the problem as well as the best option to solve them. It extends beyond simply counseling a patient because it involves several talk therapies that aim at restoring normal status.

An alternative psychotherapeutic approach is Supportive psychotherapy, which seeks to help the patient master their difficulty and gain control over the problem that they are facing (Lysaker et al. 2015). In this approach, the therapist only comes in when it is necessary and is only involved as a guide that outlines what they need to do and what they should avoid. The difference between this and the exploratory approach is that this approach does not delve into the past of the patient.  Supportive psychotherapy makes it possible for therapists to help clients through the challenges without necessarily discussing the traumatic experiences of their past.

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Substance abuse presents numerous challenges and is brought about by various things including PTSD.  Patients undergoing these challenges often feel lonely and consequently, group therapy becomes ideal as it helps them recognize the fact that many other people are struggling with the problem. Furthermore, group therapy helps them to share their experiences, challenges, and solutions as well as an opportunity to offer support to each other. In Levi’s case, the facilitator uses the explorative psychodynamic group which discusses the past experiences. An alternative to this approach is the Supportive psychotherapy, which not only helps patients gain control over their problems, but it also avoids the painful memories.



American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental

Disorders, DSM-5. (5th edition). Washington, DC American Psychiatric Association.    ISBN-13: 978-8123923796

Levi, O., Bar‐Haim, Y., Kreiss, Y., & Fruchter, E. (2016). Cognitive–behavioural therapy and

psychodynamic psychotherapy in the treatment of combat‐related post‐traumatic stress disorder: A comparative effectiveness study. Clinical psychology & psychotherapy, 23(4), 298-307.

Lysaker, P. H., Kukla, M., Belanger, E., White, D. A., Buck, K. D., Luther, L., & Leonhardt, B.

(2015). Individual psychotherapy and changes in self-experience in schizophrenia: a qualitative comparison of patients in metacognitively focused and supportive psychotherapy. Psychiatry, 78(4), 305-316.

Srivastava, P., Singh, K., & Chahal, S. (2019). Application of Motivational Enhancement

Therapy in Group settings among Patients with Substance Abuse. Indian Journal of Psychiatric Social Work, 10(1), 22-27.

Wendt, D. C., & Gone, J. P. (2017). Group therapy for substance use disorders: a survey of

clinician practices. Journal of groups in addiction & recovery12(4), 243-259. doi: 10.1080/1556035X.2017.1348280

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Week 6: Short Answers

Week 6: Short Answers

Please answer the following questions in regards to the attached article.  Note: no title page needed only the answers for the questions.


  • 100 – 150 words required for each question answer, including each question within each question. (example two questions within a question = 200-300 words required total)
  • Question #2: requires 200-word count


1- What primary appeal (ethos. Pathos, logos) is the author using? Do you believe use of the appeal is convincing to his intended audience?  Provide an example from the text to support and explain your answer.  Also do you see any rhetorical fallacies the author is using?

2- What is your response (in 200 words) to the author’s position. Agree or disagree? Explain.



Week 6: Short Answers

  1. What primary appeal (ethos, Pathos, logos) is the author using? Do you believe use of the appeal is convincing to his intended audience?

The primary appeal that the author uses is the logos. Logos is also called the appeal to logic. It is where an author persuades the audience or readers using concrete reasons, facts or even figures. The author thus, looks at what the audience or readers can take as making sense and uses that to build his or her argument. The author does not make blanket statement but uses evidence rather than emotions. The writer presents the evidence is a way that the audience or the writer will understand well. In the reading, the author makes use of evidence in presenting his argument.

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I believe that the use of logos in the essay makes it more convincing to the readers although the author could have used credible sources in the essay. The author makes use of the logos appeal to persuade the audience to acknowledge that mass shootings are rare and consequently, it is irrational to live in fear of them. He seeks to encourage the audience that phobia of mass shootings is perpetrated by the media who should instead focus on other things that can cause death such as chocking. However, the appeal is not convincing because the sources cited are not credible. For instance, the author cites “according to a commonly cited chart” instead of providing credible sources that will support the argument.


The author makes use of a number of rhetorical fallacies in the essay. For instance, the author claims that “You are three times as likely to die of choking on food than be in a mass shooting”. The author does not make sound reasoning in such an argument among many others. He just makes such argument in order to appeal to the audience. All over the paper, the author makes several arguments that are meant to appeal to the reader while they may not be supported by credible facts. The author does not give room to the reader to make their own minds about an argument but rather seems to convince them to accept his own view.

Week 6: Short Answers

  1. What is your response (in 200 words) to the author’s position? Agree or disagree? Explain.

I disagree with the author that people should not be afraid of mass shootings because there are many other reasons to die. Apart from chocking, there are several other accidents that can take place, which is true but should not prevent someone from having a phobia of something because it is rare. Mass shootings are a major issue and the biggest problem is that one can be caught up at any point. Also, although they are rare, mass shootings result in the death of several people at the same time hence it is normal for an individual to have the phobia of mass shootings. Also, it is appropriate for individuals to be aware of the issue so that they can have information on how best they can save themselves from the situation. This is because there are first aid principles that would be applicable in case one has an issue such as choking. The same can be applied in a mass shooting situation and people, who feel like they have the phobia, can have a strategy and gain a better understanding of how to save their lives. Therefore, the individuals are justified to fear mass shootings, contrary to what the author brings up. Secondly, the media can focus on it, even as it focuses on other issues.


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Electronic Medical Record Fall Assessment

Electronic Medical Record Fall Assessment


Assignment: Literature Review: The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies

New technology—and the application of existing technology—only appears in healthcare settings after careful and significant research. The stakes are high, and new clinical systems need to offer evidence of positive impact on outcomes or efficiencies.

Nurse informaticists and healthcare leaders formulate clinical system strategies. As these strategies are often based on technology trends, informaticists and others have then benefited from consulting existing research to inform their thinking.


In this Assignment, you will review existing research focused on the application of clinical systems. After reviewing, you will summarize your findings.

To Prepare:

  • Review the Resources and reflect on the impact of clinical systems on outcomes and efficiencies within the context of nursing practice and healthcare delivery.
  • Conduct a search for recent (within the last 5 years) research focused on the application of clinical systems. The research should provide evidence to support the use of one type of clinical system to improve outcomes and/or efficiencies, such as “the use of personal health records or portals to support patients newly diagnosed with diabetes.”
  • Identify and select 5 peer-reviewed articles from your research.

The Assignment: (4-5 pages)

In a 4- to 5-page paper, synthesize the peer-reviewed research you reviewed. Be sure to address the following:

  • Identify the 5 peer-reviewed articles you reviewed, citing each in APA format.
  • Summarize each study, explaining the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described. Be specific and provide examples.



Electronic Medical Record Fall Assessment

Fall among patients is a critical health problem, which can be reduced through eMR fall risk assessment tools to reduce patient harm and guarantee safety. The eMR fall risk assessment tools can be used as an intervention strategy for particular risk levels to help ensure quality care.

McCarty et al. 2018 conducted a study to identify and implement evidence-based fall risk tool in emergency rooms and integrated into the health care delivery system by engaging nurses who would use the tool to promote quality care.  The study was not human subject research, and it employed the quantitative research approach, which involved the use of the Lowa Model of EBP to promote quality care. The Memorial Emergency Department Fall-Risk Assessment Tool (MEDFRAT) was used in the eMR and interventions developed for the fall risk levels. Data then collected through education sessions, which involved interviews, observations and focus group discussions on the impact of MEDFRAT implementation. The study results showed that the use of MEDFRAT led t a decrease in falls in the emergency department, and nurses appreciated to be part of the process and felt empowered with the EBT tool to improve patient care, which translates to decreasing falls in the emergency rooms. The main advantage of the project is that the Lowa Model helped to implement the EB quality care changes nurses to reduce patient falls. The major disadvantage of the study was that the study was carried out in only one healthcare setting and it did not consider the enjoyments of other health care systems to reach a more conclusive outcome.

Electronic Medical Record Fall Assessment

A study by Marier, Olsho, Rhodes, and Spector, (2015) examines how to improve the fall risk among patients using EMRs. The main purpose of the study is to determine how EMRs may improve ability to identify patients at highest risk for falls. A quantitative and a qualitative research approach was used in the study to evaluate the extend of preventing fall risk among inpatients.  The researchers collected data though observation of 13 control group nursing homes and medical records and reports from a large for-profit California nursing home chain were analyzed. Te study results showed that data from an EMR system helps to identify patients with high risk of fall. This improvement is based on the frequency that EMR data are updated. The main advantage of the study was that it provided critical evidence on EMR application for quality improvement, which in turn leads to large cost savings. The major disadvantage of the study was that the sample was significantly generalized by being restricted to nursing homes alone and it may unduly represent higher quality nursing homes with more quality use of EMR systems.


Lytle, Short, Richesson, and Horvath, (2015) conducted a study on clinical decisions that can support and prevent fall risk among patients.  The purpose of the study was to improve documentation of fall risk assessments particularly for patients with high risk of fall and improve clinical outcome by reducing patent’s falls. The study employed a pre/ post-quasi-experimental study design and a qualitative and quantitative research approach to conduct clinical decisions that can support and prevent fall risk among patients. Data was collected through focus group discussions among nursing staffs and documents and reports on fall safety falls and falls with injury rates at Duke University Hospital. The results of the study showed that documentation of fall risk assessments and fall prevention plans of care increased significantly. Nurses also accepted and the fall risk program or the HER tool and reported that they were favorable as fall risk assessment reminders, which led to improvement in clinical outcomes. The primary advantage of the study was that the plan of care alert within the HER facilitated the admission of fall risk assessment at Duke University Hospital. The major disadvantage of the study was that the retrospective chart review did not have a fall prevention plan of care known which may have led to inconclusive results.

Electronic Medical Record Fall Assessment

Hong, Kim, Jin, Piao, and Lee, (2015) in their study aimed to determine the the risk factors that caused falls among patients using EMRs and to find out how falling influenced health outcomes of inpatients. The study employed a quantitative research approach as it used a retrospective case-control study design ton statistically test this formulated hypothesis. The researchers collected data using documents and reports on EMR that were implemented between 2008 and 2011.  The researcher also used observation to collect data by employing a fall group and a non-fall group in to the study. The study results indicated that fall have a number of risk factors and they influence patient’s outcome negatively according to the EMR data. Therefore, introducing a fall prevention tool will help to reduce fall risk. The main advantage of the study is that it guides pediatric nurses in delivering care to prevent falls among inpatients. The major disadvantage of the study was that focus groups are limited to generalization since the study respondents knew very little and the study outcome was not based on the actual use but reactions from focus groups.

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Dahl (2017) carried out a study on the effectiveness of newborn Safety information to prevent newborn falls. The purpose of the study was a guide outcome of the clinical issue by evaluating the efficacy of newborn safety acknowledgment and information tool in influencing falls among newborn inpatients. The study used qualitative and quantitative study designs to collect evidence and evaluate the effectiveness of the Newborn Safety Information tool on the impact of falls in newborns. The researcher collected data using newborn case events, and additional quantitative and qualitative data were collected from incident reports and nurse’s narrative case records. The study found out that the newborn acknowledgment and information tool was used by nurses and mothers as intended and helped in communication between nurses and parents of newborns to improve safety and prevent falls of a newborn in an inpatient setting. The advantage of the study was that the Newborn Safety Information and Acknowledgement tool helped in communication between the nurses and parents of newborn babies. This helped to measure safety outcomes and interventions.  The limitation of the study was the short time frame of post-intervention evaluation as it only happened for three months. Besides, the newborn safety information and acknowledgement too had not been validated.



Dahl, C. L. (2017). The Effectiveness of Newborn Safety Information and Acknowledgement in

Preventing Inpatient Newborn Falls. PP. 1-79.

Hong, H. J., Kim, N. C., Jin, Y., Piao, J., & Lee, S. M. (2015). Trigger factors and outcomes of

falls among Korean hospitalized patients: analysis of electronic medical records. Clinical nursing research24(1), 51-72.

Lytle, K. S., Short, N. M., Richesson, R. L., & Horvath, M. M. (2015). Clinical Decision Support

for Nurses: A Fall Risk and Prevention Example. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing33(12), 530-537.

Marier, A., Olsho, L. E., Rhodes, W., & Spector, W. D. (2015). Improving prediction of fall risk

among nursing home residents using electronic medical records. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association23(2), 276-282.

McCarty, C. A., Woehrle, T. A., Waring, S. C., Taran, A. M., & Kitch, L. A. (2018).

Implementation of the MEDFRAT to Promote Quality Care and Decrease Falls in Community Hospital Emergency Rooms. Journal of Emergency Nursing44(3), 280-284.




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General healthcare technology trends

General healthcare technology trends

  • Reflect on the Resources related to digital information tools and technologies.
  • Consider your healthcare organization’s use of healthcare technologies to manage and distribute information.
  • Reflect on current and potential future trends, such as use of social media and mobile applications/telehealth, Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled asset tracking, or expert systems/artificial intelligence, and how they may impact nursing practice and healthcare delivery.

By Day 3 of Week 6

Post a brief description of general healthcare technology trends, particularly related to data/information you have observed in use in your healthcare organization or nursing practice. Describe any potential challenges or risks that may be inherent in the technologies associated with these trends you described. Then, describe at least one potential benefit and one potential risk associated with data safety, legislation, and patient care for the technologies you described. Next, explain which healthcare technology trends you believe are most promising for impacting healthcare technology in nursing practice and explain why. Describe whether this promise will contribute to improvements in patient care outcomes, efficiencies, or data management. Be specific and provide examples.



Healthcare Technology

There are several general technology trends that stand out in the healthcare organization. One of them is the shift towards the use of cloud in the storage of data. The hospital has been using modern technology for a while in managing the data but has mostly used physical server located within the facility. However, in the recent past, it has increasingly focused on cloud as its preferred method of data storage. Another trend to note is telemedicine. The hospital has been at the forefront in promoting the use of telemedicine where patients can get medical services without having to physically visit the medical facility. With only a smartphone, the hospital has been able to work with various telemedicine apps developers to come up with solutions that make telemedicine including sharing the medical information more convenient and effective.

These technologies are based on the internet and the ability to share information through it. A standout risk that is associated with the use of the internet is data safety (NasserH.Zaied, Elmogy & Abd Elkader, 2015). Internet sources and especially cloud-based data storage is far more vulnerable to hacks and cyber ware attacks than data stored in physical servers especially when using those cloud storage providers that are not established. The same is true with the telemedicine apps were data on the patient can be stolen. Recent reports show that medical records are worth more to hackers than even the credit card information showing just how high the threat to internet-based data sharing is (NasserH.Zaied, Elmogy & Abd Elkader, 2015). This shows the huge challenges of making the trends secure


An obvious benefit from the technologies is that when cloud storage is provided by top providers such as Apple then the data is highly secure. A risk is that almost all systems even from the best providers are open to possible hacks. Therefore, the medical records from the patients can end up in the hands of criminals that can use it for purposes that can harm the patients. On Legislation, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 has been of benefit as it provides strict guidelines on the approaches to follow in ensuring that patient medical records are secure (Mintzer, 2018). However, a risk is that the legislation can sometimes be cumbersome resulting in slower implementation of Information technology and increased cost. On patient care, cloud based storage and telemedicine ensure easier storage and communication which makes the provision of care more effective and easier. It also can result in cost savings which can be passed to the patients making care more affordable. However, a risk with patient care and especially with telemedicine is that it can result in poor services offered because the doctors do not have a chance to physically assess the patient.

Cloud storage is very effective and easy to access information and is likely to be impactful on the nursing practice. Nurses need to access medical information on issues such as patient identity and prescription easily to ensure that they provide the best care (NasserH.Zaied, Elmogy & Abd Elkader, 2015). Cloud storage will ensure that this is possible and therefore increase the speed of care as well as reduce possible cases of mistakes when information is not readily available. Cloud storage is likely to result in efficiency as medical professionals will have better information availability (Englander, 2018). The patient records will be simultaneously available to the right staff members at all times meaning that they all can be able to locate and process information better. For example, prescription data stored on the cloud can be accessed by the nurse and the pharmacists at the same time meaning that the drugs will be made ready for the nurse to pick and give to the patient.

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Englander, L. (2018). Telehealth and Digital Technology. Telehealth And Medicine Today, 1(1). doi: 10.30953/tmt.v1.62

Mintzer, S. (2018). Potential Benefits and Harms of HIPAA. JAMA, 320(22), 2379. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.17179

NasserH.Zaied, A., Elmogy, M., & Abd Elkader, S. (2015). Electronic Health Records: Applications, Techniques and Challenges. International Journal Of Computer Applications, 119(14), 38-49. doi: 10.5120/21139-4153

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Standardized Nursing Terminologies

Standardized Nursing Terminologies

Please follow these instruction.

Ø  Use required reading resources it is part of the instructions from the professor.

Ø  This is a Masters level paper.

Ø  APA format with intext citation

Ø  No running head but there should be number pages.

sources can be more but at least four.


To Prepare:

  • Review the concepts of informatics as presented in the Resources, particularly Rutherford, M. (2008) Standardized Nursing Language: What Does It Mean for Nursing Practice?
  • Reflect on the role of a nurse leader as a knowledge worker.
  • Consider how knowledge may be informed by data that is collected/accessed.

The Assignment:

In a 2- to 3-page paper, address the following:

  • Explain how you would inform this nurse (and others) of the importance of standardized nursing terminologies.
  • Describe the benefits and challenges of implementing standardized nursing terminologies in nursing practice. Be specific and provide examples.
  • Be sure to support your paper with peer-reviewed research on standardized nursing terminologies that you consulted from the Walden Library.


The professor emphasis on these two articles to be part of our resources.

Rutherford, M. A. (2008). Standardized nursing language: What does it mean for nursing practice? Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 13(1), 1–12. doi:10.3912/OJIN.Vol13No01PPT05.


McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2017). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

·         Chapter 25, “The Art of Caring in Technology-Laden Environments” (pp. 525–535)

·         Chapter 26, “Nursing Informatics and the Foundation of Knowledge” (pp. 537–551)



Standardized Nursing Terminologies

As tech-driven data delivery and technology are integrated into health care, it is critical for health care practitioners to leverage the systems. Standardized Nursing Terminologies are defined as standardized terms, which are essential in accessing and communicating data and information that can help improve nursing care (Rutherford, 2008). These terminologies increase nurses’ knowledge and skills in delivery of health care, leading to positive patient outcomes. This efficiency also makes it easier for nurses to convey detail care strategies, which are critical components of delivery of quality care (Keenan, Tschannen, & Wesley, 2008). This paper discusses the benefits and challenges of the standardized nursing terminologies in delivery of healthcare.

Benefits of Standardized Nursing Terminologies

Standardized Nursing Terminologies helps to improve population health through improving care. They inform nurses about the benefit of the information system in nursing practice. This helps to achieve the goal of nursing through nursing research, continuity of care, improved outcomes, and documentation of nursing interventions (Rutherford, 2008). Healthcare organizations that decide to employ the use of Standardized Nursing Terminologies may experience a reduction in organization expenditure.  The organization’s productivity increases through ensuring a positive return on financial investment because nurses understand best practices that help provide holistic and quality care. Research has shown that hospitals can save on medication expenditure and improve the efficiency in billing services, upgrading recording services, increasing efficiency in diagnostic processes and reducing billing errors through the implementation of Standardized Nursing Terminologies (Keenan, Tschannen, & Wesley, 2008).

The implementation of Standardized Nursing Terminologies can boost the safety of patients and ensure the provision of quality health care. For example, the terminologies in Electronic Medical System can help to prescribe and order medication for patients as it makes it easier to know when patients ordered medications and which drugs they used or were prescribed by another physician (Rutherford, 2008). Besides, Standardized Nursing Terminologies makes it easier for physicians and nurses to understand the medical issues and problems faced by patients to ensure they are provided with required diagnosis, treatment, medications, and follow up care and services (Rutherford, 2008). As long as health care practitioners get critical information about patients at their figure tips, they would be able to give personalized, efficient, and safe care that patients deserve.

Standardized Nursing Terminologies are primarily designed to help nurses get involved and collaborate with patients in healthcare delivery.  For example, nurses can summarize all clinical information and sent responses to patients in no time through the use of electronic medical records system (Lundberg et al., 2008). Each patient summary has data on the care they received from the hospital, the type of medications prescribed, the medical advice given, and the follow-up services that are required (Rutherford, 2008). The summary is critical in making patients aware of their health conditions and how their families can assist in patient care after discharge. Thus, these terminologies help patients to understand their condition and make more informed decisions on their lifestyle and health.


Standardized Nursing Terminologies are also critical in reducing misunderstanding among nurses and reducing medical errors in nursing practice. Medical errors are a significant challenge for medical practice due to poor practice and lack of collaboration among health care practitioners and patients (Keenan, Tschannen, & Wesley, 2008).  By improving competencies among nurses, the terminologies help improve nursing care by supporting the process of clinical and epidemiological reasoning (Rutherford, 2008). This can help achieve cross-cultural and unified representativeness among nurses and patients in healthcare delivery. Thus, Standardized Nursing Terminologies are critical in reducing readmissions, shorter lengths of stay, fewer errors, and fewer redundancies in healthcare.

Challenges of Standardized Nursing Terminologies

Although there is a growing literature on the benefits of Standardized Nursing Terminologies, there are potential challenges with the use of the technology such as privacy and security concerns, temporary loss of productivity, changes in workflow, and financial issues (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2017). The significant economic problems in adoption of the terminologies include the increased cost for training to improve nurse’s skills and knowledge in the delivery of healthcare.

The use of the Standardized Nursing Terminologies also leads to the disruption of workflows among nurses and physicians that result in temporary loss in productivity. Loss of organization productivity occurs from learning among end-users such as nurses thereby leading to loss of revenue (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2017). The lack of knowledge of specific terminologies makes it difficult for nurses to provide quality health care. This negatively impacts patients outcome or may increase instance of medical errors during care. Policies makers need to pass legislation that ensures nurses undergo continuous training in nursing to strengthen their understanding of nursing terminologies in the provision of health care.


The paper analyzes the importance of Standardized Nursing Terminologies in healthcare institutions by looking at their benefits and challenges in the health care system. These terminologies are critical in providing precise and efficient care to patients. The terminologies help to develop competencies in nursing practice to help improve nursing care through supporting the process of clinical and epidemiological reasoning. Thus, nurses need to undergo continuous training to enhance their skills and knowledge in nursing that are critical delivery of healthcare and improving patient outcomes.



Keenan, G. M., Tschannen, D., & Wesley, M. L. (2008). Standardized nursing terminologies can transform practice. Journal of Nursing Administration, 38(3), 103-106.

Lundberg, C., Warren, J., Brokel, J., Bulechek, G., Butcher, H., McCloskey Dochterman, J., …& Spisla, C. (2008). Selecting a standardized terminology for the electronic health record that reveals the impact of nursing on patient care. The online journal of nursing informatics, 12(2). DOI: 10.1097/

McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2017). Nursing informatics and the foundation of

knowledge (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning

Rutherford, M. (2008). Standardized nursing language: What does it mean for nursing

practice. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing13(1), 243-50. DOI:10.3912/OJIN.Vol13No01PPT05



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