Evaluation of Research Ethics


Evaluation of Research Ethics

Search the GCU Library and find one new health care article that uses quantitative research. Do not use an article from a previous assignment, or that appears in the Topic Materials or textbook.

Complete an article analysis and ethics evaluation of the research using the “Article Analysis and Evaluation of Research Ethics” template. See Chapter 5 of your textbook as needed, for assistance.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.



Article Analysis and Evaluation of Research Ethics

Article Citation and Permalink

(APA format)

Article 1

Lori, M. (2017). Are Patients Satisfied with Telehealth in Home Health Care? A Quantitative Research Study in Congestive Heart Failure Patients. SM Gerontology and Geriatric Research, 1(2). Retrieved from https://smjournals.com/gerontology-geriatric-research/download.php?file=fulltext/smggr-v1-1009.pdf

Point Description
Broad Topic Area/Title Telehealth technology in home healthcare
Problem Statement

(What is the problem research is addressing?)

Whether using telehealth in home healthcare enhances patient satisfaction
Purpose Statement

(What is the purpose of the study?)

To determine the extent of patient satisfaction when the telehealth technology is used in home health care particularly with respect to congestive heart failure patients.
Research Questions

(What questions does the research seek to answer?)

What is the difference in patient satisfaction for patients using either telehealth vs. usual home health services in patients diagnosed with heart failure after removing the effect of age, gender, prior home health services and living alone status?
Define Hypothesis

(Or state the correct hypothesis based upon variables used)

Patients receiving telehealth care would be as satisfied or more satisfied with their home health care.
Identify Dependent and Independent Variables and Type of Data for the Variables The dependent variable was patient satisfaction score, while the independent variable was telehealth home healthcare services
Population of Interest for Study Patients with heart failure receiving home health care and aged more than 18 years
Sample 176 participants
Sampling Method Random
Identify Data Collection

Identify how data were collected

Summarize Data Collection Approach Surveys were sent to the participants who met the criteria of the study.
Discuss Data Analysis

Include what types of statistical tests were used for the variables.

ANCOVA, analysis of frequencies and description
Summarize Results of Study Telehealth in home healthcare is a cost effective approach that enhances patient satisfaction particularly in the management of chronic diseases.
Summary of Assumptions and Limitations

Identify the assumptions and limitations from the article.

Report other potential assumptions and limitations of your review not listed by the author.

Some of the assumptions include that other factors may not affect the outcomes of the study. For instance, it was assumed that other element that may affect the quality of home healthcare did not affect patient outcomes.


Study limitations that were identified in this research were the descriptive, quasi-experimental design with convenience sampling inhibiting the ability to generalize the findings to a larger population. This design did not support a cause and effect relationship for the findings.


Ethical Considerations

The study involved human subjects. As such, one of the ethical issues that would have arisen is the breach of the privacy of these patients. Ethics demands that the privacy of human subjects is preserved, hence errors or negligence by the researchers may have caused ethical concerns.  Furthermore, issues related to biases would have occurred during the sampling and data collection phases of the study. Biases involved allowing elements such as prejudice to affect a study, thus affecting its objectivity and leading to results that may be inaccurate. Additionally, another potential ethical consideration is errors during the process of data analysis. Errors during this stage may result in findings that are not representatives of the views of the study participants.


Additionally, another ethical consideration during the study is failing to use the appropriate sampling method. In most instances, random sampling is the ideal method since it ensures that the entire population is represented, and elements such as biases avoided. Therefore, during the sampling phase, it was possible for the incorrect sampling method to be used, which would have led to inaccurate results. Moreover, when publishing the results, there was a possibility of some errors occurring, this included typing errors, which would have led to inaccuracies. At the same time, the participants’ private data may have leaked to the wrong parties during the publishing phase of the study, which would have caused ethical concerns. Therefore, it was imperative for the researcher to take various measures to ensure that the ethical considerations are observed during the various phases of the study.

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