Strengths and Barriers to Health Behavior Change

Strengths and Barriers to Health Behavior Change

1. A three-page (750-word) paper that summarizes the identified assessment data and the positive strengths and identified barriers for that data


a. Select a volunteer.


Select a volunteer from your friends. Identify the client by initials and age.


b. Identify the client’s desired behavior change.


Assess and describe the characteristics of the life span stage, including physical and psychosocial attributes identified in the selected client that support the desired behavior change.


c. Write a paper that analyzes the client’s data.


In your paper, respond to the following prompts:

· Identify the strengths of the client that will contribute to a successful health behavior change. Describe these characteristics of the client and the social support system.

· Identify and explore the barriers of the client that will impact successful achievement of the desired behavior change. Describe the underlying cause of the barriers.

· Describe methods to overcome the barriers in achieving the desired outcome.



Strengths and Barriers to Health Behavior Change


Behavior refers to the way individuals conduct themselves or towards something. In healthcare, behavior is considered a major factor that determines one’s health. Research shows that individuals who engage in positive health behaviors tend to be healthy. Therefore, it is essential for a person to engage in positive health behavior change (Samdal et al., 2017). The paper analyzes the strengths and barriers associated with a volunteer. It also describes ways of overcoming barrier to achieve positive health outcomes. The volunteer’s name is, BN, and he is 20 years old. He needs to develop a positive change of behavior in order to control diabetes type 2.

BN’s Strengths

BN has a strong willpower. This feature makes him to be more determined in anything he engages in. Therefore, he can initiate behavioral change and practice his new ways for a long time. In addition, BN has a positive perception towards life. This character is prone to make him aware of his positive needs. It is also suitable in helping him understand positive behaviors that other people engage in and be able to emulate them without a problem (Samdal et al., 2017).

BN is also observed to have suitable abilities for positive change. For instance, he has suitable strength and coordination for enhancing physical activities. Therefore, he is able to improve on his exercises to improve his health. Moreover, he has a high intellectual ability. This feature is prone to make him to analyze his current behavior and make appropriate changes that can enhance a healthy lifestyle. It also can help him to evaluate different educational methods to enhance behavior change (Vandelanotte et al., 2016).


Moreover, BN has positive emotions towards behavior change. He feels proud of developing a healthy lifestyle as it can help him pursue sports to a higher level. This factor can enable him to participate in behavior change without fear, thereby leading to positive outcomes.  The issue may also elevate his consistency in behavior change. From another perspective, gender favors him. It is depicted that males have a stronger will to change than females. Therefore, BN has a higher chance of making positive decisions that suit his health needs (De Leeuw et al., 2015).

BN’s Barriers

One of the barriers to BN’s behavioral change is his family. He reveals that his family members do not focus on a healthy lifestyle. His efforts to change his dietary habits are usually affected by his family members who view that it is a waste of time. Moreover, BN has some anxiety issues. He fears that if he does not achieve his goals, his preparations would be a waste of time. This feature makes it difficult for him to start making behavioral change plans (Vandelanotte et al., 2016).

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Environmental constraints are also seen to affect the individual. For instance, there are no suitable fields where he can engage in exercises. Also coming from a poor background, it is difficult for BN to engage in a suitable dietary change. In addition, the nature of the disease may make it difficult for BN to achieve a desired outcome. Diabetes type 2 is viewed to be chronic to patients. While change of behavior is desirable, it may not be effective in eliminating the insulin resistance that is experienced by the body. Therefore, behavioral change needs to be accompanied by other measures (Vandelanotte et al., 2016).


Overcoming the Barriers

Motivating BN is a suitable way in which he can overcome his barriers. This approach would make it easier for him to see the benefits of changing his health behaviors. BN can be motivated by showing him cases of people who have overcome similar behavioral barriers to health change. Moreover, the individual may be taught to develop and focus on his values rather than those of people around him. This method will make it easier for him to overcome challenges emanating from his family’s values towards health. To achieve this, a suitable theoretical framework such as Self-efficacy theory may be applied (De Leeuw et al., 2015).

Strengths and Barriers to Health Behavior Change

Provision of resources may enable BN to overcome his financial constraints. Therefore, he will be able to have a stronger control over his behaviors as long as he aligns his change with the resources. In addition, relapse prevention is considered a suitable measure to control high-risk scenarios. This technique is important in enabling BN to cope up with insulin resistance during chronic conditions. Lastly, exposure to people with similar condition will enable BN to reduce his anxiety towards achieving his target. Instead, he will be in a better position to develop rational behavior plans to facilitate his health behavior change (De Leeuw et al., 2015).



De Leeuw, A., Valois, P., Ajzen, I., & Schmidt, P. (2015). Using the theory of planned behavior

to identify key beliefs underlying pro-environmental behavior in high-school students: Implications for educational interventions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 42, 128-138.

Samdal, G. B., Eide, G. E., Barth, T., Williams, G., & Meland, E. (2017). Effective behaviour

change techniques for physical activity and healthy eating in overweight and obese adults; systematic review and meta-regression analyses. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 42.

Vandelanotte, C., Müller, A. M., Short, C. E., Hingle, M., Nathan, N., Williams, S. L., … &

Maher, C. A. (2016). Past, present, and future of eHealth and mHealth research to improve physical activity and dietary behaviors. Journal of Nutrition e

Education and Behavior, 48(3), 219-228.








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