respond to a discussion question for history 5
I just want you to responded to the response question that already answered and give some thought and examples to this:
Question 2: How and why did systematic race-based slavery become deeply entrenched in the southern states by the mid-1800s? What were the realities of slavery and how did its development affect white and black southerners alike?
In the southern states, slavery became this accepted topic because of John C. Calhounâ€™s phrase of â€œour peculiar institutionâ€. This implied that slavery was unique to their society and gave an alternative adequate term for the very controversial topic. A major reason why slavery was prevalent in the southern states was that industries such as cotton, sugar cane, and tobacco thrived in the warm, humid climates. As cotton became the most profitable crop industry, it changed the white and black southernersâ€™ lives. Production of cotton evolved into high masses made in a short amount of time through the development of machinery that â€œconverted raw cotton into thread and cloth in textiles millsâ€ (Shi, 360). This process was then refined by Eli Whitney by removing the cotton seeds, known as the cotton gin. According to the text, â€œthe Old Southwest states were producing two-thirds of all cottonâ€ (Shi, 361) by the 1830s. This obviously affected the slaves simply because of supply and demand- the more product that is produced, the more labor needed.
Cotton then spread to the Alabama region where steamboats were then invented that deemed the Mississippi River to be the main transporter of the crop. At this time, over half the slaves worked in the cotton industry and prices of slaves skyrocketed. The south depended on Britain for their raw cotton exports which was very risky for them to do. Just like the society in the colonies, the south was controlled by a group of aristocratic planters; they dominated pretty much everything ranging from politics, the economy, and social stratas. In order to be considered a planter, one must own at least twenty slaves. The society of this time was relatively simple in means that the whites controlled pretty much everything, and the blacks had just the opposite. The majority of the slave population were field hands who â€œwere often organized into work gangs supervised by a black driver or white overseerâ€ (Shi, 374). The treatment that the women received were far worse because slaveholders discovered that they could more or less breed slaves, and over time selling them for profit.
Shi, David E. America: The Essential Learning Edition. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2018. Print.
MUST BE AT LEAST 200 WORDS