jazz history writing
Question 1, word count 350:
Describe the evolution of jazz music from 1940-1970.
- What changes occurred?
- Which artists made significant innovations, and what were their contributions?
- What new styles emerged, and what were the characteristics of this style?
Support your argument by referencing both specific artists, recordings, and dates. Discuss musical changes that occurred, as well as non-musical factors that were an influence (economics, politics, race, etc.).
Question 2, word count 200:
Of the musicians discussed in class (or in readings, see attached file), choose three artists who created music which was at least in part motivated by the Civil Rights Movement and the struggle for equality/freedom. Describe how each artists’ work was influenced by surrounding events/influences. If there were specific events that inspired the work, describe those events.
Question 3, word count 200:
List and describe at least three musical traditions or elements that pre-dated “jazz,” but were significant factors in its origins. Are those elements present in the music we have listened to since 1940? Discuss or cite at least one artist or recording for each tradition/element you discuss.
Question 4, word count 200:
For the final part of the exam, choose just ONE of the following prompts to answer:
- Describe the music of Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie. How was it revolutionary? How was it subversive?
- Describe the music of Ornette Coleman. How was it revolutionary? How was it subversive?
- Describe the music of John Coltrane. What made him different compared to some of the other musicians we listened to in class.