Evolving Case Study
The evolving case study starts with background information that provides an overview; description of the patient; and the report provided to the participants using the format of situation, background, assessment, and recommendation (SBAR). Progressing over time with a fictional patient’s health status changing, this evolving case study presents the situation in three stages. Stage 1 is the initial stage where the patient’s healthcare situation is presented, followed by a trigger that represents a health challenge, or worsening of the health. Participants identify the appropriate interventions to maintain a stable health status, as well as recognize via assessment the deterioration in the fictional patient’s health. Stage 2 continues the presentation of the patient with progressive decline in health status requiring the identification of appropriate actions by participants. A trigger for Stage 3 will be identified based on the stabilization of the fictional patient. Outcome of the evolving case study is suggested as part of Stage 3. Preparation for debriefing of participants is considered by the identification of Socratic questions.