march 25 2019 3 3245
250-word (not including in-text citation and references as word count) count minimum with two scholarly sources in APA format. For the two scholarly sources, one from the textbook thatâ€™s posted below and the other one from an outside source. Letâ€™s be sure to write it in own work 100% and give credit appropriately when using someoneâ€™s else work.
Autonomous vehicles (AVs), are already sharing the road with us. The first pedestrian was killed just a few months ago, but the proportion of AVs can be expected to increase dramatically and decrease the accident rate significantly â€“ by as much as 90%.
Right now, autonomous braking and lane keeping are advertised on many cars. The car will hit the brakes for a pedestrian or move back into its lane if the human driver allows it to drift. Only a few vehicles, like Tesla, will swerve autonomously to avoid an obstacle, but that is changing rapidly with better sensors. All of the major automakers have announced plans to employ autonomous fleets over the next few years. The discussion question asks us to look at the ethical principles and moral philosophies that need to be considered, and draws heavily on the material in Chapter Six.
An accident caused by a human driver is generally attributed to driver error and ethical issues seldom arise. However, the â€œdecisionsâ€ of an autonomous vehicle are pre-determined by software that is written in advance. The discussion question, therefore, is not really asking about what you would do; it is asking about the ethical criteria that should guide the vehicleâ€™s programming.
Remember that a total of two sources, including the book, are required for the initial discussion post. There are several articles in the Unit 3 Course Materials that can be used to fulfill that requirement.
I see an increasing number of articles about self driving vehicles. Whether cars will be truly autonomous, or just have an enhanced version of cruise control, I don’t know, but the trend toward reduced driver input is accelerating. It also raises some interesting ethical questions. The following is an extended quote from Forbes:
In a series of surveys, researchers asked people whether autonomous vehicles (AVs) should swerve to avoid hitting a group of pedestrians, even if that meant killing the occupant of the car. Most people gave the greater good answer, that saving many lives was better than saving one. . . .
Even when the researchers introduced variations to make it a more difficult choice, such as suggesting a family member or a child was in the car, participants still objectively want the car to save the most people possible. Just not when itâ€™s them or their own children.
â€œAlthough people tend to agree that everyone would be better off if AVs were utilitarian (in the sense of minimizing the number of casualties on the road), these same people have a personal incentive to ride in AVs that will protect them at all costs,â€ the researchers said. (Parnell, 2016, para. 2-4)
We already see people driving like this, so putting the car in charge might well be an improvement . . .
Hereâ€™s the assignment:
1) Watch the brief video â€œThe ethical dilemma of self driving cars.â€ It is a little over four minutes long and looks at some of the ethical questions that are likely to come up as cars start to make more and more decisions for us:
2) Based on the what you learned about moral philosophies in Chapter 6, pp. 155-165, decide which philosophy seems the most ethical to you for the “decisions” that AVs will make about an unavoidable crash situation. It is probably best to avoid any of the types of relativism, since they won’t lead to a conclusion.
Making a decision like this might require weighing the value of one life against another. Should that type of decision be based on fairness, consequences, rights, selfishness, or some other guiding principle? Explain your choice in terms of the discussion on pp. 157-165. The emphasis should be on explaining your choice and how it is related the course material. At least one additional source is required. The articles in the Unit 3 Course Materials can be helpful for that. The initial response should be a minimum of 250 words.
Update the save line of the initial post so that it reflects what you are writing about.
Parnell, B. (2016, June 24). Driverless cars should kill passengers to save lives â€“ But then people won’t buy them. Forbes. Retrieved fromhttp://www.forbes.com/sites/bridaineparnell/2016/06/24/driverless-cars-should-kill-passengers-to-save-lives-but-then-people-wont-buy-them/#675f38d34f6c
Update the subject line of the initial post so that it reflects what you are writing about. (Name the file as what you are writing about and save under there)
1,300 word count and there is a total of 4 questions (not including in-text citation and references as the word count), a minimum of three scholarly sources are required in APA format. For the three scholarly sources, one from the textbook thatâ€™s posted below and the other two from an outside source. Letâ€™s be sure to write it in own work 100% and give appropriately when using someoneâ€™s else work.
Q1 and Q3 are straightforward and both can be answered fully using material in the Read and Attend sections.
In Q2, it isn’t necessary to focus on Warren Buffet specifically. Instead, look at whether leaders should trust people based on their character or whether leaders should focus more on codes and compliance to maintain an ethical organization. In other words, the question is asking if ethical behavior is primarily due to internal, individual factors, or if ethical behavior is influenced more by external factors.
Q4 is asking something very similar to Q2. Generally, the two questions should reach similar conclusions. If they don’t, some additional explanation may be needed. Details about that are in Q4.
Q2 and Q4 will both be stronger with the use of outside sources.
Remember that a total of three sources, including the book, are required.
Each response should be researched using the course materials and/or outside sources, including in-text citations and references following APA formatting.
1 Habits of Strong Ethical Leaders
Review the habits of strong ethical leaders in Chapter Five. Evaluate yourself on each of those habits, then identify and describe specific areas where you need to change to be a more ethical leader.
2 Examining Warren Buffett as an Effective Leader
Read the Chapter Five debate issue on page 138. Clearly state whether you think
1) Warren Buffett is correct in trusting his managers based on their character, or
2) Buffett needs to focus more on ethical codes and compliance.
Explain your answer.
3 Moral Philosophies
â€œIndividuals use different moral philosophies depending on whether they are making a personal decision or a work-related decisionâ€ (Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell, 2013, p. 166). Review the moral philosophies described in Chapter Six, and answer the following:
1) Which moral philosophy best describes your personal decision making? Explain using an example from your own experience.
2) Which moral philosophy best describes your work-related decision making? Explain using an example from your own experience.
4 White Collar Crime
After reviewing the material on white collar crime (pp. 169-172), read the Chapter Six debate issue on page 171. Clearly state whether you think
1) White collar criminals have underlying psychological disorders that encourage misconduct, or
2) White collar crime is the result of weak organizational cultures and codes.
Explain your answer. Note: the question is not suggesting that an underlying psychological disorder is a legal defense for white collar crime.
The second question (Warren Buffett) also looks at whether ethical behaviors come from inside the individual or whether ethical behavior are influenced by organizational codes, culture and compliance.
3) Have you taken similar positions in both Q2 and Q4? If not, explain.
Last part of Assignment:
1) Watch â€œEnron: The Smartest Guys in the Room.â€ Based on the book by Fortune reporters Bethany McLean and Peter Elkind, the film examines how America’s seventh largest corporation crumbled out of existence in an incredibly short period of time. Narrated by Peter Coyote, this documentary looks at Enronâ€™s faulty and corrupt organizational culture and business practices, and how those practices led to its fall, leaving thousands of investors and dedicated employees with virtually nothing as a tiny handful of top execs walked away with billions.
Hereâ€™s a link to the video:
2) Write a one page response (300-400 words) indicating how it helps (or doesn’t help) create a better understanding of white collar crime. White collar crime is covered in Chapter 6, and is part of the Unit 3 Complete assignment. Follow APA requirements for a cover page and reference page
3) The link above has Spanish subtitles. If those are distracting, the video is also available on Netflix.