Part One: Short Essay (40 points total)
Choose one of the following topics and write a clear, concise two-paragraph minimum response to the prompt.
1. We have been discussing High Criticism in relation to the literary history of the Old Testament. Explain what JEPD and doublets mean in relation to this textual history. Use specific examples from the Old Testament to illustrate how this theory of JEPD and doublets can be applied to certain passages in the Bible, including passages we have read.
2. We have been discussing myth and epic.Define both myth and epic (using our course discussions of the terms to build your definition) and use passages, events, and/or characters in Gilgamesh to illustrate how the work is an epic that employs myth. ——————————————————————————————————————————–
Part Two: Long Essay (60 points total)
Choose one of the following essay prompts and write a clear, concise essay with a solid thesis and evidence in the form of examples from the text to support your ideas. Your essay should be five paragraphs at a minimum.
1. One of the common themes in ancient epic centers on the heroâ€™s need to control his rashness and arrogance. In fact, because of their special place in their societies and their special abilities, heroes are often guilty of hubris (overweening pride). Gilgamesh is arguably guilty of rash behavior and hubris. Do you feel that Joseph ever shows hubris? Write an essay in which you compare and contrast the two heroes in relation to their arrogance, pride, and rash behavior (or lack of these character flaws). You might consider the following questions as you plan your essay: Which of the two is more rash in the beginning of this story? Why do you say so? In what ways does each of the two change? In other words, do they learn to accept their limitations? Which of the two changes the most as a hero in your opinion? Why do you say so? Be sure to give examples from each of the epics (in terms of paraphrasing what the characters do or say) to support your views.
2. We have been discussing the role of women in ancient literature. While women often do play important roles in epic, it is true that they are not usually the main heroes of these works. Write an essay in which you compare and contrast the roles of two women in Gilgamesh. You might consider the following questions as you plan your essay: Which women seem to play a more central role? Why do you say so? Are the women who have important roles in the epic mainly goddesses or are there mortal women with important roles? Do human women seem to be depicted as victims of circumstances beyond their control? What seems to be the