You must read the attached pdf files before answering the questions.The answer to each question should be 230 words minimum.
Question #1: Contracts page 107-110
Following after Locke and Hobbes’ conception of “Social Contracts,” Blackburn’s discussion of “Contracts and Discourse” examines the idea that the rules of ethics are based upon something like social agreement.However, as the authors in this reading suggest, the key is a form of unforced, and uncoerced social agreeement.Therefore, each author proposes a mechanism or theoretical tool/concept to help us identify what we would agree to in such a ‘contract.’So, here’s the key question to consider:can we really hang our concept of ethics, of justice, on the concept negotiation, OR are there some fundamental principles which need to be beyond the scope of social contracts?
Question #2: Nietzsche p.9-17
The quotation “God is dead” is a famous quotation from Friedrich Nietzsche. Often people take it to be a simple statement of atheism, but that isn’t actually what Nietzsche meant.So, here’s your question:what did he actually mean?In answering this, it can be helpful to consider the difference between stating “God is dead” and “God doesn’t exist.”In thinking of this, the ideas of other philosophers discussed in this part of the text (like Plato or Dostoevsky) may also prove helpful You will have to research Plato and Dostoevsky’s ideas because i have not scanned them)